Charles Valentine Riley Collection

Charles Valentine Riley sketchbook Introduction

Charles Valentine Riley pioneered the field of entomology in the United States. The impact of Riley's work of more than a century ago is still being felt today, not only in the fields of entomology and agriculture, but also in other natural sciences. The Charles Valentine Riley Collection, part of the National Agricultural Library's (NAL) Special Collections, illustrates Riley's vision to enhance the success of agriculture through new scientific knowledge. The collection of papers and significant artifacts, also tells the story of Riley's love of nature, his keen ability to observe relationships in nature, and his devotion to recording his observations through drawing and writing.

The collection complements a number of other significant manuscripts and rare books in Special Collections such as the USDA History Collection, manuscripts of Townend Glover and William Saunders, and early publications by Riley and others which provide historians and researchers a broad picture of the field of entomology in the 1800s.


Disclaimer

Special Collections of the National Agricultural Library (NAL) acquires, arranges, describes, preserves and makes available rare materials significant to the history of agriculture. Materials are obtained through donation or active collection in accordance with the established Special Collections collection development policy. Special Collections staff organize and describe materials according to archival principles and create descriptions and indexes to enhance access. Staff do not edit or otherwise modify the original materials. The views expressed in the collections do not necessarily reflect the policies of the National Agricultural Library or the United States Department of Agriculture.


Charles Valentine Riley's Vision

A vital and colorful personality, Charles Valentine Riley was a major 19th century figure possessed by a vision for enhancing the success of agriculture through new scientific knowledge. Born in London in 1843, Riley immigrated to the United States at age 17 and worked as a farm laborer, writer and illustrator.

Riley was named Missouri's first State Entomologist in 1868. His eminent career continued as Riley was named the Chief of the U. S. Entomological Commission in 1876, and Chief Entomologist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1878. He was responsible for one of the first outstanding successes in the biological control of pests. In 1888 he helped save the California citrus industry by introducing the Australian vedalia beetle to combat scale insects. He also was a key figure in research that led to the rescue of the French wine industry from an insect pest. France recognized this accomplishment by awarding Riley the Cross of the Legion of Honor.

The impact of Riley's work of more than a century ago is still being felt today, not only in the fields of entomology and agriculture but also in other natural sciences. For example, he was the first, in a speech delivered before the National Agricultural Congress in 1879, to recommend the establishment of the Office of Experiment Stations. He also advocated establishment of the Branch of Economic Ornithology as part of the Entomology Division at the U.S. Department of Agriculture, which evolved into the Biological Resources Division of the U.S. Geological Survey, that is now in the Department of Interior.

Riley was truly a "whole-picture" person - an artist, a poet, a writer, a journalist, a linguist, a naturalist, and a philosopher as well as a scientist. He also added cultural aspects to his work through his charter membership in the Cosmos Club in Washington, D.C. In 1878, Riley joined with Alexander Graham Bell, John Wesley Powell, and fifty-seven other men in science, literature, and arts to found the Cosmos Club as a "social club for individuals of distinction and sociability."

Riley was Curator of the U.S. National Collection of Insects at the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History when he died in 1895 of injuries in a Washington, D.C. accident. Upon the death in 1978 of Riley's last surviving child, Dr. Cathryn Vedalia Riley, a modest trust was established to further Riley's memory. This trust assisted in the founding of the Charles Valentine Riley Memorial Foundation. Thus, the singular characteristic of Riley as a "whole-picture" person is reflected in the precepts and goals of the Riley Memorial Foundation. Riley's vision, and ability to see the role of agriculture (and forestry) in the productive use of the landscape, as an artistry upon which all society depends, is perhaps his greatest legacy.


Charles Valentine Riley Collections at NAL

Special Collections at the National Agricultural Library contains three Charles Valentine Riley collections:

Charles Valentine Riley Papers
The Charles Valentine Riley Papers consist of letters to Riley, unpublished lectures, notes, photographs, news clippings, reports, reprints, paintings, drawings, sketch books, books, and artifacts. The collection focuses on the history of entomology and the development of biological control of insects injurious to crops, and on Riley's energetic efforts on its behalf during the latter part of the 19th century.

Charles Valentine Riley Memorial Foundation Records
The Charles Valentine Riley Memorial Foundation Records include correspondence, agreements, minutes, financial records, briefing books, and publications and reports produced by the foundation.

Charles Valentine Riley Printing Blocks
The Charles Valentine Riley Printing Blocks consist of 1,211 woodcuts, electrotypes (electroplated lead molds of original engravings), and metal casts used to illustrate Riley's publications. Approximately 508 blocks were figures for the 9 Missouri annual reports (1869-1877) produced by Riley when he was Missouri's first state entomologist. Other printing blocks were used in publications such as American Entomologist and American Entomologist and Botanist. Some of the electrotypes are duplicates or cast from woodcuts which are present, but most represent different drawings than the woodcuts.


Selected Publications in NAL by Charles Valentine Riley

The following are catalog entries from The Dictionary Catalog of the National Agricultural Library. Additional entries may be found by searching AGRICOLA, the online catalog.

Riley, Charles Valentine. Additional notes on Veguthymus yuccae. First published in Transactions of the Academy of St. Louis, III, no.4 (1878):566-568. With his "On the larval characters and habits of the blister beetles."
NAL Call No. 422 R

Riley, Charles Valentine. "Additional notes on the army worm (Leucania unipuncta)." Salem, 1881. Abstract in Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, vol. XXIX, Boston meeting, Aug. 1880.
NAL Call No. 430 R45F

Riley, Charles Valentine. Address on the cotton worm; before the cotton convention at Atlanta, Nov. 2, 1881, with discussion. Washington, 1881. First published in U.S. Dept. Of Agriculture, Report No. 17, 18-35. The greater part of the address is also published in Report of the Commissioner of Agriculture for 1881 and 1882, pp. 153-157.
NAL Call No. 423 R45N

Riley, Charles Valentine. Agricultural advancement in the United States. Journal of the American Agricultural Association, 1878:8.
NAL Call No. 30.4 R45

Riley, Charles Valentine. "Annual address... as president of the Entomological Society of Washington for the year 1884." Washington: Gibson Bros., printers and bookbinders, 1886. First published in Wash. Ent. Soc. Proc 1 (1885):17-27.
NAL Call No. 422 R or 420 W27 V.1

Riley, Charles Valentine. Annual report on the noxious, beneficial, and other insects of the State of the Missouri, 1-9 (1868-76). General index and supplement to the nine reports on the insects of Missouri, by Charles V. Riley. Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1881. 177 p. (U.S. Entomological Commission. Bulletin No. 6)
NAL Call No. 423 P45A Index or 1 En8B

Riley, Charles Valentine. Bemerkungen uber Pronuba yuccasella und uber die Befruchtung der Yucca-arten... n. p., 1876. 377-382 p. 22 cm Translation of an article published in Transactions of the Academy of Science of St. Louis, 1876.
NAL Call No. 430 R45B

Riley, Charles Valentine. "Biological notes on the army worm (Leucania unipuncta Haw.)." First published in Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 25th meeting, 1876 (Salem, 1877), 279-283.
NAL Call No. 422 R45B

Riley, Charles Valentine. Review of Alternating generations: A biological study of oak galls and gall flies, by H. Adlar, M.D. Translated and edited by C.R. Straton. Science 17 (Apr. 1895).
NAL Call No. 422 R

Riley, Charles Valentine. Cabbage insects.U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. Report, 1884, 1884:285-334.
NAL Call No. 1 Ag84 1884

Riley, Charles Valentine. The cabbage Plutella. Scientific American supplement 428 (1884): 6837-6838.
NAL Call No. 430 R45P1

Riley, Charles Valentine. Cabbage worms. U.S. Dept of Agriculture. Report, 1883 1883:107-138.
NAL Call No. 1 Ag84

Riley, Charles Valentine. Canker worms: being an account of the two species injurious to fruit and shade trees, with practical suggestions. Third report of the United States Entomological Commission, 1883:157-197.
NAL Call No. 430 R45Ca

Riley, Charles Valentine. Capitalizing specific names. Papilio 3 (Sept.-Dec. 1883):164.
NAL Call No. 411 R

Riley, Charles Valentine. The chinch bug. American Agriculturalist, Nov. 1881:476.
NAL Call No. 431 R45c or 6 Am3 v.40

Riley, Charles Valentine. The Colorado beetle. With suggestions for its repression and methods of destruction. London: G. Routledge and sons, 1877. Vol. 1:7-123.
NAL Call No. 427 R45C

Riley, Charles Valentine. Controlling sex in butterflies. The American Naturalist, VII (September 1873). 9 p.
NAL Call No. 422 R45C

Riley, Charles Valentine. The cotton worm. The question of hibernation settled. The Western Farmer's Almanac, 1883:40.
NAL Call No. 430 R45ch

Riley, Charles Valentine. The cotton worm. Summary of its natural history, with an account of its enemies, and the best means of controlling it; being a report of progress of the work of the commission. Dept. of the Interior. United States Entomological Commission Bulletin no.3. Washington: Govt. Print. Off, 1880.
NAL Call No. 1 En8B no.3

Riley, Charles Valentine. "The cotton worm in the United States." Philadelphia, 1880:3. Abstract in Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, vol. XXVVIII, Saratoga meeting, Aug. 1879.
NAL Call No. 430 R45C or 42.2 R45

Riley, Charles Valentine. Descriptions of some new Tortricidae (leaf-rollers). Transactions of the St. Louis Academy of Science IV, no.2 (1881):9.
NAL Call No. 430 R45D

Riley, Charles Valentine. Destructive locusts. A popular consideration of a few of the more injurious locusts (or "grasshoppers") of the United States together with the best means of destroying them. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. Division of Entomology. Bulletin No. 25. Washington: Govt. Print. Off., 1891.
NAL Call No. 1 82B no.25

Riley, Charles Valentine. Directions for collecting and preserving insects. 4 + 146 no.39 p. 139. U.S. National Museum. Bulletin, No. 39, Pt. F. Wash. 1892, "Entomological R45D works," pp. 131-145.
NAL Call No. 500 5m65B no.39 or 422 R45D

Riley, Charles Valentine. Einige unserer schadlicheren Insekten. pp. 35, 8. St. Louis, 1872.
NAL Call No. 423 R45E

Riley, Charles Valentine. Entomological papers. Salem, 1879. First published in Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, St. Louis meeting, Aug. 1878.
NAL Call No. 422 R45E

Riley, Charles Valentine. Entomological papers; a collection. n. p., 189-? 1 vol. (various pagings).
NAL Call No. 422 R45Ec

Riley, Charles Valentine. Entomology. Ware's Valley Monthly, August 1876:281-289.
NAL Call No. 422 R45En

Riley, Charles Valentine. Entomology in Missouri The American Naturalist, VIII (Mar. and Apr. 1874).
NAL Call No. R45Et

Riley, Charles Valentine. Experiments with insecticides. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Division of Entomology. Bulletin 11, 1885:5-7.
NAL Call No. 1 En82B no.11

Riley, Charles Valentine. U.S. Entomological Commission. First annual report...for the year 1877 relating to the Rocky Mountain locust and the best methods of preventing its injuries and of guarding against its invasions... Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1878. vol. 1, 295 p. front illus. v. pl. fold. maps. 24 cm. At head of title: Department of the Interior. U.S. Geological Survey. Commissioners: C.V. Riley, A.S. Packard, Jr., Cyrus Thomas. "Notes on the nature of the food of the birds of Nebraska. "By Prof. Samuel Aughey," App. II, pp. 13-62. Bibliography: App. XXVII, pp. 273-279.
NAL Call No. 1 En8 v.1 or 423 Un3 v.1

Riley, Charles Valentine. U.S. Entomological Commission. Fourth report...being a revised edition of Bulletin No. 3, and a final report on the cotton worm, together with a chapter on the boll worm. By Charles V. Riley... Washington, Govt. Print. Off. 1885. XXXVIII, 399. 147 p. illus. IXIV pl. (part col.) fold., maps. 23 cm. At head of title: U.S. Department of Agriculture. Also issued as House Misc. Doc. 39, 48th Cong. 2d Sess. Serial No. 2325, "History of the literature and bibliography" pp. 322-344. Bibliography of the boll worm; pp. 382-384. Appendix I - VI, papers by H.G. Hubbard, R.W. Jones, J.P. Steele, E.H. Anderson, J.C. Branner, W.J. Jones.
NAL Call No. 1 En8 v.4

Riley, Charles Valentine. "Further notes on the pollination of Yucca and on Pronuba and Prodoxus." Salem: Salem Press, 1881. First published in Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, vol. XXIX, Boston meeting, Aug. 1880.
NAL Call No. 430 R45F

Riley, Charles Valentine. "Further notes on Yucca insects and Yucca pollination." Washington, 1893. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, VIII.
NAL Call No. 430 R45Fu

Riley, Charles Valentine. Habits of Fuller's rose beetle. Philadelphia, 1879:310-311. First published in Gardener's Monthly and Horticulturist, 21 (Oct. 1870).
NAL Call No. 427 R45II

Riley, Charles Valentine. Hackberry butterflies. Descriptions of the early stages of Apatura lycaon, Fabr., and Apatura herse, Fabr.; with remarks on their synonymy. St. Louis, 1873. Transactions of the St. Louis Academy of Science, III:193-208.
NAL Call No. 430 R45H

Howard, L.O. The hymeopterous parasites of the North American butterflies... Including a section upon the microgasters, 1889. First published in Scudder's Butterflies of the Eastern United State and Canada.
NAL Call No. 425 H83H

Riley, Charles Valentine. The Icerya or fluted scale, otherwise known as the cottony cushion scale. Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1887. 40 p. 23 cm. (U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Division of Entomology. Bulletin No. 15). CONTENTS-The scale-insects of the orange in California, and particularly the Icerya or fluted scale... by C.V. Riley-Notes on Icerya-its probable origin the islands of Bourbon and Mauritius. By C.V. Riley-The use of gases against scale insects. By F.W. Morse.
NAL Call No. 1 En82B

Riley, Charles Valentine. The imported elm leaf-beetle. Its habits and natural history, and means of counteracting its injuries. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. Division of Entomology, Bulletin No.6 Washington: Govt. Print Off., 1885. First published in Report of the Commissioner of Agriculture for 1883.
NAL Call No. 1 En82B

Riley, Charles Valentine. The imported elm leaf-beetle. Its habits and natural history, and means of counteracting its injuries. U.S. Dept. Of Agriculture. Division of Entomology Bulletin No. 6 (2d ed). Washington: Govt. Print. Off., 1891. 21 p.
NAL Call No. 1 En82B

Riley, Charles Valentine, and others. Injurious insects. Bound vol. of pamphlets, contents:
1. Riley, C.V. Insects affecting the hackberry.
2. Scudder, S.H. Pine moth of Nantucket.
3. Hopkins, A.D. Insects destructive of black spruce.
4. Riley, C.V. Our shade trees and their insect defoliators.
5. Packard, A.S. Insects injurious to forest and shade trees.
NAL Call No. 423 R45I

Riley, Charles Valentine, ed. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Division of Entomology...Insect Life...Devoted to the economy and life habits of insects especially in their relations to Agriculture... vols. I-VII: July 1883-July 1895. Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1888-95. 7 vols illus. 23 cm. At head of title: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Division of Entomology. No more published. Vols. I-IV, monthly; vols. V-VII, irregular, 5 Nos. a year. Editors: vol. 1, the Entomologist (C.V. Riley) and his assistants: vol. II-VI, C.V. Riley and L.O. Howard: vol. VII, L.O. Howard. General index to the seven volumes of Insect Life. 1888-95. Washington. Govt. Print. Off., 1897. 145 p. 23 cm.
NAL Call No. 1 En821

Riley, Charles Valentine. 1871. Insectes nuisibles a la vigne (le puceron de la vigne-Phylloxera vitifoliae Fitch.)...(Traduction de M.J. Lichtenstein.). From Bulletin de la Societe centrale d'agriculture et des comices agricoles du department de l'Herault. Montpelier, pp. 341-351, 22 1/2 cm. . 57. annee.- Octobre, Novembre et Decembre 1870.
NAL Call No. 431.5 R45I

Riley, Charles Valentine. Insecticides and means of applying them to shade and forest trees. Fifth Report of the U.S. Entomological Commission, 1880:1, 31-47.
NAL Call No. 423 R45

Riley, Charles Valentine. 1890. The insectivorous habits of the English sparrow. Washington: Government Printing Office:1, 111-133. First published in Bulletin No. 1, Division of Economic Ornithology and Mammalogy, United States Department of Agriculture, entitled "The English Sparrow in America."
NAL Call No. 423 R45Is

Riley, Charles Valentine. International polar expedition. Report... 1885. CONTENTS- pt. I. Orders and instructions-pt. II. Narrative, by Lieut P.H. Ray-pt. III. Ethnographic sketches of the natives of Point Barrow, by Lieut. P.H. Ray: 1. Sketch. 2. Approximate census of Eskimos at the Cape Smythe Village. 3. Vocabulary collected among the Eskimos of Point Barrow and Cape Smythe. 4. Catalogue of ethnological specimens collected by the Point Barrow Expedition, prepared by John Murdoch-pt. IV. Natural history, by John Murdoch: 1. Mammals. 2. Birds. 3. Fishes. 4. Insects by C.V. Riley. 5. Marine invertebrates. (Exclusive of mollusks). 6. Report on the mollusks, by W.H. Dall. &. Collecting localities and dredging stations. 8. Plants, by Prof. Asa Gray. Appendix-pt. V. Meteorology (including Aurora)-pt. VI. Terrestrial magnetism by C.A. Schott, U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey-pt. VII. Tides-pt. VIII. Miscellaneous observations.
NAL Call No. 407 In8

Riley, Charles Valentine. Insects injurious to the grapevine. The grape Phylloxera - Phylloxera vastatrix Planchon. Jefferson City, 1873:30-87. First published in Sixth annual report on the noxious beneficial and other insects of the State of Missouri.
NAL Call No. 431.5 R45

Riley, Charles Valentine. Insects injurious to the blackberry. U.S. Entomological Commission. Report 5: 601-622.
NAL Call No. 1 En8 no.5

Riley, Charles Valentine. Jumping seeds and galls. U.S. National Museum. Proceedings. Washington. 1883. vol. 5. 1882. pp. 632-635. Issued May 22, 1883.
NAL Call No. 500 Sm65P v.5

Riley, Charles Valentine. The kerosene emulsion: its origin, nature, and increasing usefulness... Syracuse, 1892. (83)-98 p. Proceedings of the Washington Meeting of the Society for the Promotion of Agricultural Science, held at Washington, August 17, 1891.
NAL Call No. 423 P14K

Riley, Charles Valentine. Larval stages and habits of the beefly Hirmoneura. Cambridge, Mass., 1883. 2 p. First published in Science, 1:332-334.
NAL Call No. 428 R45

List of the Lepidoptera of Boreal America, by John B. Smith... assisted by Henry Skinner, M.D. Geo. D. Hulst, Ph.D., C.H. Fernald, Ph.D. C.V. Riley, Ph.D. Philadelphia: American Entomological Society, 1891.
NAL Call No. 430 Sm6L

Riley, Charles Valentine. List of the Tineina of Boreal America. List of the Lepidoptera of Boreal America by John B. Smith. Philadelphia 1891. pp. 94-114.
NAL Call No. 430 R45

Riley, Charles Valentine. Little-known facts about well-known animals. 1882. 32 p. At head of title: Saturday lecture No. 5.
NAL Call No. 411 R

Riley, Charles Valentine. Locust flights east of the Mississippi. First published in Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science, 5 (1877):62-64.
NAL Call No. 429 R45

Riley, Charles Valentine. The locust plague; How to avert it. Salem, 1876:215-222. First published in Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Detroit meeting, Aug. 1875.
NAL Call No. 429 R45Lo

Riley, Charles Valentine. The locust plague in the United States: being more particularly a treatise on the Rocky Mountain locust or so-called grasshopper, as it occurs east of the Rocky Mountains, with practical recommendations for its destruction. Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1877. 236 p.
NAL Call No. 429 R45Loc

Riley, Charles Valentine. Locusts as food for man. Salem, 1876:200-214. First published in Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Detroit meeting, Aug. 1875.
NAL Call No. 429 R45L

Riley, Charles Valentine. Longevity in insects. Washington, D.C., 1895. First published in Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 108-125, 1895. Annual address of the president.
NAL Call No. 422 R45

Riley, Charles Valentine. The mulberry silkworm; being a manual of instructions in silk culture. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. Division of Entomology. Bulletin No.9, 6th ed., VII (1886). 65p. First five editions were published as Special report No. 11 of the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, under the title: The silkworm.
NAL Call No. 1 En82B

Riley, Charles Valentine. The mulberry silkworm; being a manual of instructions in silk culture. 7th rev. ed. Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1888. VII, 65 p. illus., II col. pl. 23 cm. (U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. Division of Entomology. Bulletin No.9 ) First five editions were published as Special report no.11 of the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, under the title: The silkworm .
NAL Call No. 1 En82B

Riley, Charles Valentine. Natural History of the cotton worm. Special bulletin. Department of Agriculture. Columbia, 1885.
NAL Call No. 430 R45

Riley, Charles Valentine. A new herbarium pest. The Botanical Gazette, December 1891, 334-337.
NAL Call No. 430 R45N

Riley, Charles Valentine. New insects injurious to agriculture:3-4. Abstract in Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, vol. 30, Cincinnati meeting, Aug. 1881. With his: Retarded development in insects.
NAL Call No. 2 R45Re

Riley, Charles Valentine. A new oak-gall on acorn cups. Transactions of the St. Louis Academy of Science, III (Dec. 1877):577-578.
NAL Call No. 425 R45N, 500 Sa2T

Riley, Charles Valentine. Notes on Icerya-its probable origin the islands of Bourbon and Mauritius. First published in U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. Division of Entomology. Bulletin No. 15, 1887:27-33.
NAL Call No. 1 En82B no.15

Riley, Charles Valentine. Notes on joint worms...(Rochester) 1845. 1 p. First published in Rural New Yorker, June 20, 1885, 6 vol. 44, p. 418 v.44
NAL Call No. 426 R45No, R.88 v.44

Riley, Charles Valentine. Notes on North American microgasters, with descriptions of new species. First published in Acad. Sci. St. Louis, Trans., 4, no.2 (1881). 20p.
NAL Call No. 425 R45No, 500 Sa2T v.4

Riley, Charles Valentine and J. Monell. Notes on the Aphididae of the United States, with descriptions of species occurring west of the Mississippi. Washington, 1879. 32 p. 21. Author's edition. At head of title: Department of Interior. United States Geological and Geographical Survey... Extracted from the Bulletin of the Survey, vol. V, No. 1. Contents: Pt. I, Biological notes on the Pemphigmae, with descriptions of new species-C.V. Riley-Pt. II, Notes on Aphididae, with descriptions of new species-J. Monell.
NAL Call No. 431 R45N

Riley, Charles Valentine. Notes on the natural history of the grape phylloxera (Phylloxera vastatrix, Planchon). St. Louis, 1878:281-287. First published in Transactions of the Academy of Science of St. Louis, III (1868-77).
NAL Call No. 431.5 R45N

Riley, Charles Valentine. Notes on the Yucca borer (Megathymus yuccae). First published in Transactions of the Academy of Science of St. Louis, III (Jan. 1876).
NAL Call No. 430 R45No 1876

Riley, Charles Valentine. On a new genus in the lepidopterous family Tineidae, with remarks on the fertilization of Yucca. St. Louis, 1873:55-64. Transactions of the Academy of Science of St. Louis, III.
NAL Call No. 430 R45O

Riley, Charles Valentine. On an extensile penetrating organ in a gamasid mite. Salem, 1877:273-275. First published in Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science 25th meeting, 1876.
NAL Call No. 422 R45B

Riley, Charles Valentine. On Icerya purchasi, an insect injurious to fruit trees. London, 1887. First published in The British Association for the Advancement of Science. Report, 1887:767. also: Nature, vol. 36, p. 592, 1887.
NAL Call No. 427 R, 472 N21

Riley, Charles Valentine. On the causes of variation in organic forms. Address by C.V. Riley...before the section of biology, American Association for the Advancement of Science, at the Cleveland meeting Salem:The Salem Press. Aug. 1888 51 p. Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, vol. XXXVII.
NAL Call No. 442 R45, 500 Am34 v.37

Riley, Charles Valentine. On the curious egg mass of Corydalia cornutus (Linn.) and on the eggs that have hitherto been referred to that species. Salem, 1877:275-279. First published in Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 25th meeting, 1876.
NAL Call No. 422 R45B

Riley, Charles Valentine. On the insects more particularly associated with Sarracenia vaniclaris (spotted trumpet leaf). Salem, 1874:18-25. Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Hartford meeting, Aug. 1874.
NAL Call No. 422 R45O

Riley, Charles Valentine. On the larval characters and habits of the blister-beetles belonging to the genera Macrobasis Lect. and Epicauta Fabr. with remarks on other species of the family Meloidae. St. Louis Academy of Science Transactions, 3 (1878):544-562. With this is On a remarkable new genus in Meloidae... and other articles.
NAL Call No. 427 R, 500 Sa2T v.3

Riley, Charles Valentine. On the luminous larvi-form females in the Phengodini. London, 1887. First published in Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1887. 2p.
NAL Call No. 427 R45O

Riley, Charles Valentine. On the original habitat of Icerya purchasi. San Francisco, 1 p., 40 1/2 cm. Pacific Rural Press, May 12, 1888.
NAL Call No. 431.6 R45 1888

Riley, Charles Valentine. "On the oviposition of Prodoxus decipiens," p.3. Abstract in Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 30. Cincinnati meeting, Aug. 1881. With his: Retarded development in insects (abstracts).
NAL Call No. 422 R45Re

Riley, Charles Valentine. 1873. On the oviposition of the Yucca moth. American Naturalist, VII (October).
NAL Call No. 422 R45Ot

Riley, Charles Valentine. "On the parasites of the Hessian fly." U.S. National Museum. Proceedings 8 (October 1885):413-422. Abstract in Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 34 (1885):332-334. With his: The Song-notes of the periodical cicada (abstract).
NAL Call No. 500 Sm54P v. 8 1886, R426, 431 R

Riley, Charles Valentine. "On the summer dormancy of the larva of Phyciodes nycteis (Doubleday) with remarks on the natural history of the species." Salem, 1875:108-112 Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Hartford meeting, Aug. 1874.
NAL Call No. 430 R45On

Riley, Charles Valentine. "Our shade trees and their insect defoliators. Being a consideration of the four most injurious species which affect the trees of the capital; with means of destroying them." Washington: Govt. Print. Off., 1887. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Division of Entomology. Bulletin No. 10, Washington: Govt. Print. Off., 1888. (U.S. Dept. Of Agriculture. Division of Entomology. Bulletin No. 10, 2d. rev. ed.)
NAL Call No. 1 En82B

Riley, Charles Valentine. ...The outlook for economic entomology. New York, 1890. [381]-384 p.
NAL Call No. 423 R450

Riley, Charles Valentine. The Ox bot in the United States. Washington, 1892. 16 p. illus. 23 cm. First published in Insect Life, 4, nos. 9 and 10 (June 1892), by authority of the Secretary of Agriculture. At head of title: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Division of Entomology.
NAL Call No. 428 R45O

Riley, Charles Valentine. Parasitic and predacious insects. Popular Science Monthly, XLX, no.5 (1891):678-685.
NAL Call No. 423 R45Pa

Riley, Charles Valentine. Parasitic and predaceous insects in applied entomology, 1893. First published in Insect Life, 6, no. 2 (1893), 130-141. Read at 5th Ann. Meeting of the Assoc. Economic Entomologists, Madison, Wisc., Aug. 15, 1893.
NAL Call No. 423 R45Pa 1893

Riley, Charles Valentine, 1843-95. Parasitism in insects. Annual Address of the President (Washington Entomological Society). 35 p. First published in Proceedings of the Entomological Society, 2, no. 4 (1893).
NAL Call No. 422 R

Riley, Charles Valentine. The periodical cicada. An account of Cicada septendecim and its tredicim race, with a chronology of all broods known. Washington: Govt. Print. Off., 1885. 46 p. (U.S. Dept. Of Agriculture. Division of Entomology. Bulletin No. 8) Published June 17, 1885.
NAL Call No. 1 En82B no.8

Riley, Charles Valentine. The periodical cicada. An account of Cicada septendecim and its tredicim race, with a chronology of all broods known. Washington: Govt. Print. Off., 1885. 46 p. (U.S. Dept. Of Agriculture. Division of Entomology. Bulletin No. 8, 2d ed.) Published July 13, 1885.
NAL Call No. 1 En82B no.8

Riley, Charles Valentine. "Philosophy of the pupation of butterflies and particularly of the Nymphalida." Salem: Salem Press, 1880, 9 p. Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, vol. XXVIII, Saratoga meeting, Aug. 1870.
NAL Call No. 430 R45Pp

Riley, Charles Valentine. Poisonous insects. New York: W. Wood & Company, 1887:741-760. First published in Reference Handbook of the Medical Sciences, V, 1887.
NAL Call No. 422 R45P

Riley, Charles Valentine. Potato pests. Being an illustrated account of the Colorado potato-beetle and the other insect foes of the potato in North America. With suggestions for their repression and methods for their destruction. New York: Orange Judd Company, 1876. 108 p.
NAL Call No. 423 R45P

Riley, Charles Valentine. Premature appearance of the periodical Cicada. Scientific American supplement, XX, no.502, 1885.
NAL Call No. 431 R45Pr

Riley, Charles Valentine. Problem of the hop-plant louse (Phorodon humull, Schrank) in Europe and America. Report of the British Association, 1887. 3 p.
NAL Call No. 431 R45P

Riley, Charles Valentine. Prof. Riley's report to the governor of Kansas - The grasshopper question-Interesting information. Topeka, 1877. First published in Weekly Commonwealth, May 12, 1877.
NAL Call No. 431 R45

Riley, Charles Valentine. Pyrethrum, an important insecticide. n. p. 1883, pp. 41-42.
NAL Call No. 423 R45PY

Riley, Charles Valentine. Pyrethrum: its use as an insecticide. U.S. Dept. Of Agriculture. Report, 1881-82:76-87.
NAL Call No. 1 Ag84

Riley, Charles Valentine. Recent advances in economic entomology, Washington, 1884. First published in Bulletin of the Philosophical Society of Washington, 5 (1886):10-12.
NAL Call No. 423 R45Re

Riley, Charles Valentine. Remarks on canker-worms and description of a new genus of Phalanida. Academy of Science of St. Louis. Transactions, 3 (St. Louis, 1878:273-280.)
NAL Call No. 430 R45Rc

Riley, Charles Valentine. Remarks on the bag-worm - Thyridoptery ephemeraeformis Washington, 1884:80-83. First published in Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, II (1882-84). Extras printed Apr. 10, 1884.
NAL Call No. 430 R45R

Riley, Charles Valentine. Remarks on the insect defoliators of our shade trees. Made by Dr. C.V. Riley...before the New York farmers, at a meeting held Mar. 10, 1887, and reported by James W. Tooley, New York, Globe Stationery & Printing Co., 1887, cover-title, 12 p., 27 1/2 cm.
NAL Call No. 423 R45R

Riley, Charles Valentine. The Death Valley expedition... 1893. (Card 2) CONTENTS-1. Report on birds, by A.K. Fisher-2. Report on reptiles and batrachans, by Leonard Steineger-3. Report on fishes by Charles H. Gilbert-4. Report on insects by C.V. Riley-5. Report on mollusks, by R.E.C. Stearns-6. Report on desert trees and shrubs, by C. Hart Merriam-7. Report on desert cactuses by C. Hart Merriam-8. List of localities by T.S. Palmer.
NAL Call No. 1 B52N

Riley, Charles Valentine. Report on the Department of Insects in the U.S. National Museum. Washington, 1891:377-380. First published in Report of the National Museum, 1888-89:377-380.
NAL Call No. 422 R45R

Riley, Charles Valentine, William H. Ashmead and L.O. Howard. Report upon the parasitic Hymenoptera of the Island of St. Vincent. London, 1894:54-56. First published in Linnean Society's Journal-Zoology, XXV.
NAL Call No. 426 R45

Riley, Charles Valentine. Retarded development in insects; on the oviposition of Prodoxus decipiens, new insects injurious to agriculture. Salem, 1882, 4 p. First published in Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, vol. XXX, Cincinnati meeting, Aug. 1881, pp. 270-273.
NAL Call No. 422 R34Re

Riley, Charles Valentine. The Rocky Mountain locust. Permanent courses for the government to adopt to lessen or avert locust injury. Washington, 1880:1, 271-322. First published in Second Report of the United States Entomological Commission.
NAL Call No. 429 R45Rp

Riley, Charles Valentine. The Rocky Mountain locust in Kansas, in 1877. Topeka, 1877:21-42. First published in Monthly Report of the Kansas State Board of Agriculture for August, September, and October 1877. Circular 21. Report for Prof. Riley's assistants in Kansas and synopsis of his remarks before the National Agricultural Congress at Chicago in Sept. 1876.
NAL Call No. 429 R45R

Riley, Charles Valentine. Le Conte, J.L. Rules (for entomological nomenclature) to be submitted to the entomological club of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (ordered printed by resolution at the Annual meeting for 1876). 5 p. Report signed by J.L. Le Conte, Wm. Saunders, and C.V. Riley.
NAL Call No. 422 L49Ry

Riley, Charles Valentine. The scale-insects of the orange in California, and particularly the Icerya or fluted scale, alias white scale, alias cottony cushion scale, etc. (U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Division of Entomology. Bulletin no.15, pp. 5-27, 23 cm., Washington, 1887). Address... before the California State Board of Horticulture... Apr. 12, 1887, as reported in the Pacific Rural Press - Apr. 23, 1887, p. 9.
NAL Call No. 1 En82B no.15

Riley, Charles Valentine. Scientific results of the U.S. eclipse expedition to West Africa, 1889-90. Report upon the Insecta, Arachnida, and Myriopoda, by C.V. Riley. (In U.S. National Museum. Proceedings. Washington, 1894, 23 1/2 cm., vol. 15, 1893, also pp. 565-590. pl. IXX). Issued Oct. 23, 1893.
NAL Call No. 500 Sm65P v.16, 422.7 R45S

Riley, Charles Valentine. U.S. Entomological Commission... Second Report... for the years 1878 and 1879; relating to the Rocky Mountain locust, and the western cricket and treating of the best means of subduing the locust in its permanent breeding grounds, with a view of preventing its migrations into the more fertile portions of the trans-Mississippi country, Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1880. XVIII, 322, 80 p. Incl. tables, XVII pl., 9 fold. maps 23 cm. At head of title: Department of the Interior. Appendix II-IV, papers by S.H. Scudder, John Marten, 8 p. Commissioners: C.V. Riley, A.S. Packard, Jr., Cyrus Thomas.
NAL Call No. 1 En8 v.2, 423 Un3 v.2

Riley, Charles Valentine. The silkworm; being a manual of instructions for the no.11 production of silk. 31 p. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Dept. of Social report No. 11, 1879. Passed through five editions bearing this number. The 6th and 7th editions were published as Bulletin No.9, old series, of the Division of Entomology under the title "The mulberry silkworm."
NAL Call No. 1 Ag84Sp

Riley, Charles Valentine. Social insects from psychical and evolutional points of view. Annual address of the President of the Society, delivered in the hall of Columbian University, January 29, 1894. Washington, D.C., 1894. Cover-title, 74 p. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, vol. IX.
NAL Call No. 422 R45Si

Riley, Charles Valentine, 1843-95. Some important discoveries in the life-history of the hop plant-louse (Phorodon humuli Schrank). Geneva, N.Y., 1887:205-207. First published in Agricultural Science, I, no. 9 (September 1887).
NAL Call No. 431 R45S

Riley, Charles Valentine. Some interrelations of plants and insects. Washington, D.C. 1892:81-104. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, VII.
NAL Call No. 422 R45So

Riley, Charles Valentine. Some recent practical results of the cotton worm inquiry by the U.S. Entomological Commission. Salem, 1881:26-33. Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, vol. XXIX, Boston meeting, Aug. 1881.
NAL Call No. 430 R45F

Riley, Charles Valentine. Speech of Professor C.V. Riley at the second trustees banquet. St. Louis, 1892:50-53. First published in 3rd Report on the Missouri Botanical Garden. Tribute to Henry Shaw.
NAL Call No. 120 Sh2

Riley, Charles Valentine. Sur l'importation artificial, des parasites et ennemis natureles des insectes nuisibles aux vegetaux. Paris, 1869, 4 p. Extrait du Compte-rendu des Seances du Congres International de Zoologie, Paris 1889, 323-326.
NAL Call No. 423 R45Sp

Riley, Charles Valentine. U.S. Entomological Commission. Third Report... relating to the Rocky Mountain locust, the western cricket, the army worm, canker worms, and the Hessian fly. Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1883. XIV, 347, 12, 92 p. LXIV pl. IV. Maps, 23 cm. At head of title: U.S. Department of Agriculture. Commissioners: C.V. Riley, A.S. Packard, Jr. Cyrus Thomas. Appendix II-V, VII-IX, papers by Loew, B. Wagner, F. Cohn, F.P. Koppen, A. Hagen, John Marten, A.J. Chapman, M.A. Howell. Also issued as House Bulletin. Doc. 44, 47th Cong., 2d., Serial no.2154.
NAL Call No. 1 En8 v.3

Riley, Charles Valentine. Ueber dem Weinstock schadlicher Insekten. Die rebenphylloxera. Phylloxera vastatrix Planchon. (Unterordnung Homoptera, familie Aphididae.) Von C.V. Riley. Vom Verfasser autorisierte Uebertragung... Heidelberg, C. Winter's Universitatsbuchhandlung, 1878. 77 p., 2 fold. pl., 23 1/2 cm. Im Suftrage des Dr. Ad. Blankenborn fur die "Annalen der Oenologie" Vebersetzt durch Herrn Dr. Fr. Roder...
NAL Call No. 431.5 R45U

Riley, Charles Valentine. The Vedalia, Importation of Icerya enemies from Australia... by C.V. Riley and others, n.p., pp. 1889-91. First published in Pacific Rural Press, pp. 1889-91.
NAL Call No. 423 V51

Riley, Charles Valentine. Water-beetles destroying carp. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission for 1885, V (1885):311.
NAL Call No. 157.5 B87

Riley, Charles Valentine. What the Department of Agriculture has done and can do for apiculture. Chicago, 1893, 6 p. First published in Proceedings of the twenty-third annual meeting of the North American Bee-keepers' Association held at Washington, D.C., December 27, 28, and 29, 1893.
NAL Call No. 422 R45

Riley, Charles Valentine. The Yucca moth and Yucca pollination. St. Louis, 1892:99-158, 34-43. Third Annual Report of the Missouri Botanical Garden, issued May 28, 1892.
NAL Call No. 430 R45Y

Goode, C.R. A memorial appreciation of Charles Valentine Riley. Science, III, no.59 (February 14, 1896), 8 p.
NAL Call No. 120 R45Ma

Howard, Leland Ossian and C.V. Riley. Bulletin Philosophical Society of Washington 13: 412-416.
NAL Call No. 120 R45H

Riley, Charles Valentine. Lichtenstein, Jules i.e., Wilhelm Auguste Jules. Riley et L'entomologie agraire aux Etats-Unis. Monpellier, 1875, 5 p.
NAL Call No. 423 L61

Riley, Charles Valentine. Bibliography. The principal writings of Dr. Charles Valentine Riley. n.p., 1893, 9 p.
NAL Call No. 240.2 R45

Riley, Charles Valentine, 1843-95. Bibliography. U.S. Bureau of Entomology. Bibliography of the most important contributions to American Economic Entomology... Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1889-1905. Vol. 8, 23 cm. At head of title, pt. I-VII: U.S. Department of Agriculture. Division of Entomology; pt. VIII: U.S. Department of Agriculture. Bureau of Entomology. Continued by Index to the Literature of American Economic Entomology, issued by American Association of Economic Entomologists. CONTENTS: Pt. I-III: The more important writings of Benjamin Dann Walsh and Charles Valentine Riley. By Samuel Henshaw, 1889-90. Pt. IV-V: The more important writings of Government and state entomologists and other contributors to the literature of American Economic Entomology. By Samuel Henshaw, 1895-96.
NAL Call No. 1 En83B or 241.7 In2 1889-1905


Biographical References on Charles Valentine Riley

Chippendale, M. "Centennial Symposium. Recognizing the Legacy of C. V. Riley: Introduction." American Entomologist (Lanham, Md.) 42 (1996): 206-208.
NAL Call Number: QL461 A52

Colman, Norman Jay, 1827-1901. "Prof. C. V. Riley, U. S. Entomologist." Colman's Rural World (St. Louis, Mo.) 12 May (1892): 1-8.
NAL Call Number: Folio 6 C72 Also: Film S-1621

Crossette, G. "Founders of the Cosmos Club of Washington. (1966). A Collection of Biographical Sketches and Likenesses of the Sixty Founders." (1978). Cosmos Club, Washington, D.C.

Doutt, R. L. "Vice, Virtue and the Vedalia." Bulletin of the Entomological Society of America. [Washington, D. C.] 4 (1958): 119-123.
NAL Call Number: 423.9 En8

Fream, William, 1854-1906. "Charles Valentine Riley (obituary notice)." Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society of England (3rd ser.). [London, England]. 6 (1895), 4: 8-10.
NAL Call Number: 10 R81

Goode, George Brown, 1851-1896. "A Memorial Appreciation of Charles Valentine Riley." Science. Moses King. Cambridge, Mass. N. S. 3 (1896), 59: 217-225.
NAL Call Number: 470 Sci2

Herrett, R. A. "A Tribute to ESA Pioneers: Tribute to Charles Valentine Riley." pp. 105-108. In J. J. Menn & A. L. Steinhauer [eds.], Progress and Perspectives for the 21st Century. 1991. Entomological Society of America, Lanham, MD.

Ho, Judith J. & Willie Yuille. "The Papers of Charles Valentine Riley. A Register of his Papers in the National Agricultural Library." Bibliographies and Literature of Agriculture, No. 92. National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD. 124 p.
NAL Call Number: aZ5076 A1U54 no. 92

Howard, Leland Ossian, 1857-1950. "A Distinguished Entomologist. A Sketch of Professor Riley." The Farmers Magazine. London, England. [I., 23, F.] [Jan. & Feb. pp. 221-222, 228-229, 237-241.] 1890.
NAL Call Number: 10 F224

Howard, Leland Ossian, E. A. Schwarz & H. G. Hubbard. "Charles V. Riley, Ph. D." Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. [Washington, D.C.] 3 (5, 1895): 293-298.
NAL Call Number: 420 W27

Knutson, Lloyd V. "A Tribute to Charles Valentine Riley: American Entomologist." pp. 97-104. In J. J. Menn & A. L. Steinhauer, eds., Progress and Perspectives for the 21st century. 1991. Entomological Society of America. Lanham, MD.

Kritsky, G. "Darwin, Walsh, and Riley: the Entomological Link." American Entomologist. (Lanham, Md.) Entomological Society of America. 41 (1995): 89-95.
NAL Call Number: QL461 A52

Mallis, Arnold. "American Entomologists." Rutgers University Press. New Brunswick, NJ. [c1971]. 549 p., illus.
NAL Call Number: QL26 M3

Meiners, E. P. "Charles Valentine Riley. Information Sheet." Published by the C. V. Riley Entomological Society, University of Missouri. Columbia, MO.

Packard, Alpheus Spring, 1839-1905. "Charles Valentine Riley." Science. Cambridge, Mass. Moses King. New Series. 2 (July-Dec. 1895): 745-751.
NAL Call Number: 470 Sci2

Skinner, Henry, 1861-1926. " Prof. C. V. Riley, M. A., Ph. D." Entomological News. American Entomological Society. Philadelphia, PA. 6 (v. VI, No. 8, Oct. 1895): 241-243.
NAL Call Number: 421 En88

Smith, Edward H. and Carol Anelli Sheppard. "A Heritage of Distinguished Journalism: a Look at the ESA paper trail." American Entomologist. Entomological Society of America. Lanham, Md. 6 (1, Spring, 1990): 6-17.
NAL Call Number: QL461 A52

Smith, Edward H. and Janet R. Smith. "Charles Valentine Riley: The Making of the man and his achievements." American Entomologist. Entomological Society of America. Lanham, Md. 42 (4, 1996): 228-233.
NAL Call Number: QL461 A52

Summers, F. G. "Charles V. Riley, Benefactor of Agriculture." Missouri Historical Review. 19 (1925): 611-621.

Sorensen, W. Conner and Edward H. Smith. "Charles Valentine Riley: Art Training at Bonn, 1858-1860. American Entomologist. Entomological Society of America. Lanham, Md. 43 (2, 1997): 92-104.
NAL Call Number: QL461 A52


Manuscript Materials by Charles Valentine Riley

Contact the following institutions for additional information on accessing current Charles Valentine Riley holdings.

The Academy of Natural Sciences
Philadelphia, PA

American Philosophical Society
Philadelphia, PA

Bancroft Library
Berkeley, CA

Boston Society of Natural History
Boston, MA

British Museum of Natural History
London, England

California Academy of Sciences
San Francisco, CA

Cornell University Libraries, Rare & Manuscript Collections
Ithaca, NY

The Entomological Society of America
Lanham, MD

The Field Museum
Chicago, IL

Museum of Comparative Zoology
Cambridge, MA

National Archives and Records Administration
College Park, MD

National Archives of Canada
Ottawa, Canada

Smithsonian Institution Libraries, National Museum of Natural History Branch
Washington, D.C.