Eldon C. Beagle Papers

 

Introduction

The Eldon C. Beagle papers date from 1939 to 1983, with the majority produced from 1960 to 1983. There are 45 records boxes consisting of 56.25 linear feet of materials. The materials in the collection are in fair to good condition. University of Maryland graduate library student Jean Davin created an initial survey and box list in 1997. Project Manager Fred Stielow compiled her notes into a preliminary finding aid in 2003. Archivist Sara Lee updated the finding aid for the web in 2020.

Biographical Sketch

Eldon C. Beagle was born on March 22, 1923. He was married and had one son who worked with him on rice hull utilization issues.

From 1945 to 1970, Beagle ran family businesses in feed milling, production of agricultural and industrial products and by-products, rice by-products marketing, trucking, mining, and diversified farming. Beagle companies handled the majority of rice by-products sales in for approximately 20 years. During these years, Beagle developed processes, technologies related to marketing and production of rice husk products on a commercial basis. He acquired patents for processes concerned with the utilization of rice husks. He was involved in all facets of storage, drying, transportation, milling, parboiling and distribution of rice, and assisted in the design and development of rice by-product plants throughout the United States.

In addition, Beagle was a pioneer in utilization of almond by-products, operated commercial charcoal production and marketing facilities, ran professional salvage operations, operated nonferrous quarrying, managed a 200 truck/trailer fleet (general transport, dump trucks, logging and lumber trucks), engaged in general farming, designed and built combine harvesters and seed processing plants, and ran an export/import company that handled all Pacific offshore sales of alfalfa products.

Beagle went on to work as an international consultant from 1970-1982. He was engaged by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the Food and Agricultural Industries Service of the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO), United Nations Asian Development Bank, United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United States Agency for International Development (USAID), and agricultural businesses. He was particularly involved with organizations in Asia, but had considerable contact with Western European organizations. Beagle’s consulting expertise centered on rice and rice hulls; post-harvest processing, milling, and utilization; marketing-distribution of agricultural by-products; biomass energy; and conversion technologies, process and equipment. Such work bridged to other materials, especially straw and almond products.

Scope and Content Note

This collection reflects Beagle’s professional career as an agricultural businessman and, especially, as consultant to the U.S. Department of Agriculture; the Food and Agricultural Industries Service, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO); United Nations Industrial Development Organization; United States Agency for International Development (USAID); and agribusinesses around the world. The content of material relates to his areas of expertise centered in rice and rice hulls (also includes a few references to straw and almonds); post-harvest processing, milling, and utilization; marketing-distribution of agricultural by-products; biomass energy; and conversion technologies, process and equipment.

Although some material dates to 1939, the bulk of the records fall between the 1960s and the early 1980s. They include a mixture of correspondence; government and United Nations (UN) publications; bibliographies on rice hull/furfural research, as well as published articles, studies, research papers, and personal journals. Business correspondence includes incoming requests for reports that he authored, outgoing inquiries to national and international companies in the rice hull/biomass industry, and reviews or critiques of industry related reports. In addition, there are commercial pamphlets on machinery and services related to rice hull utilization; a variety of government, UN, and commercial publications; files on the work of individual countries in the area of rice hull utilization; and bibliographies on rice hull/furfural research as well as published articles, studies and research papers.

Beagle’s papers contain a great deal of international content. The collection features a combination of printed materials from international businesses (catalogs, pamphlets etc.); communications among Beagle and foreign companies and governments; publications from international conferences; and reports about the condition of the rice hull industry overseas. The bulk of the records relate to international projects in the Philippines, India, Egypt, Thailand, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Australia and Japan. In addition, there are also materials relating to Italy, Indonesia, Burma, Korea, Pakistan, Malaysia, Panama, Liberia, Mexico, Singapore, Turkey, Puerto Rico, Germany, England, Romania, Canada, Spain, South Africa, Tanzania, Taiwan, Somalia, and Iran.

Series Description

Series I. Subject and Correspondence File, 1939-1983.

This series comprises the majority of the collection. Materials consist of subject and correspondence files. Folders are organized in Beagle’s original, roughly alphabetical order.

Series II. Rolodex Files, 1960-1983.

Four shoe-box sized containers hold cards with the telephone numbers and addresses of his contacts.

Series III. Personal Logs and Exhibits, 1960-1982.

Handwritten notes and accounts reflect consulting and research activities in various locations.

Series IV. Publications, 1960-1982.

This series contains manuscripts and other publications bound in 7 volumes. These are authored by Beagle and others.

Container List

Series I. Subject and Correspondence File, 1939-1983.

Series I. – Box List
Box Title/Description
001 A – Agpaoa
002 Alaska Village Cooperative – Athens, Ohio
003 Bangladesh
004 Badger Company – Bibliographies – Berliner Research
005 Belgium – BUS
006 Cabantuan – Cruz
007 Dalton –Duvant Company
008 Ebraugh – Euryza Company
009 Ebraugh – Euryza Company
010 FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization—See also: United Nations)
011 Far Best Company – Freivalds
012 Foreign Agricultural Service (USDA) – Furfulal
013 Gasification – Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ)
014 Guyana – Hodam and Associates
015 Houston – Imbert
016 India
017 University of North Carolina (UNC) – International Rice Research Institute (IRRI)
018 International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) Library, Los Banos, Philippines
019 Italy – Japan – Johns
020 Ke-Ming-Dao (KMD) – Lathrop
021 League of International Food Education – Malaysia
022 Mexico – Miscellaneous
023 Morse Laboratory – Naphire
024 Oregon Field Sanitation Committee
025 Pakistan – Patents
026 Patents
027 Patents – Ralston-Purina
028 PMD – Rice
029 Rice
030 Rice Millers’ Association – Schule
031 Saracco-Tann – Soil Incorp.
032 Soil (Silica) – Stamitt systems
033 Stanford University – Steel Huller
034 TPI – Turkey
035 Straw – To Be Filed
036 To be Filed – University of California, Davis
037 UCD, Gasifier – (Rice pamphlets) – United Dairy Association
038 United Nations (various organizations)
039 United Nations – Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
040 United Nations (UN) – USDA
041 Von Roll Company – Wolf, Ralph
042 Waste Utilization – Zurn, Inc.

Series II. Rolodex Files, 1960-1983.

Series II. – Box List
Box Title/Description
043 Cards

Series III. Personal Logs and Exhibits, 1960-1982.

Series III. – Box List
Box Title/Description
044 30 volumes

Series IV. Publications. 1960s-1982.

Series IV. – Box List
Box Title/Description
045

Seven volumes of publications, including the following authored by Beagle:

• “Gasifier-Stirling: An Innovative Concept”, draft report, 1982

• “Rice Husk Conversion to Energy”, 2 copies and draft, 1976

• “Annotated Reference List for State of the Art Small Scale Gas Producer – Engine Systems”, Final Report, USDA Forest Service, March 1981.

• “Gas Producer-Engine Systems for BioMass and Agricultural Waste: Do They Have a Future?” University of California, Davis, (no date)

Selected Bibliography

Sources Used for Finding Aid:

Beagle, E C. Rice-husk, Conversion to Energy. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 1978.

United States, Agricultural History Branch. Century of Service: The First 100 Years of the United States Department of Agriculture. (Washington, DC: Centennial Committee, USDA, 1963).

MS 51 – Dorsett-Morse Oriental Agricultural Exploration Expedition Collection, 1914-1945.

MS 70 – Henry M. Beachell and Charles N. Bollich Rice Research Field Notebooks, 1932-1991.

MS 120 - Henry G. Gilbert Nursery and Seed Trade Catalog Collection, 1773-2020.

MS 245 – USDA Division of Cereal Crops and Diseases Photograph Collection, 1898-1951.

MS 280 – Collection of Expedition Photographs from the Office of Plant Exploration, 1910-1945.

MS 469 – Lowell Dean Hill Collection, 1905-2016.

National Archives and Records Administration contains a number of collections relating to rice research. The online finding aids catalog may be found as follows:

54.3.7 Records of the Division of Cereal Crops and Diseases (1879-1956) accessed here: https://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/054.html#54.3.7

188.8.7 Seeds and Rice Section (1942-1946), Records of the Office of Price Administration accessed here: https://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/188.html#188.8.7

310.5. Records of the Southern Regional Research Center (1939-1969), Agricultural Research Service accessed here: https://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/310.html#310.5.3

331. Agricultural Machinery & Equipment: Rice Hulling & Polishing Machinery (Pakistan).

Records of Allied Operational and Operation Headquarters, World War II, 1907-1966. Metals and Minerals File, 1948-1950. https://catalog.archives.gov/id/441840

For Further Research on rice utilization:

Appropriate Technologies Under Pressure: Cases of the Cotton Textile Industry and Post Harvest Rice Processing. Dacca: Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee, 1979.

Aye, U. Promotion of Low-Cost and Effective Technology Suitable for Use by Small Farmers in Land Preparation and Post-Harvest Rice Operations in Harvesting, Threshing, Drying, Storage and Milling in Bangladesh, Nepal and the Philippines. Bangkok: F.A.O, 1980.

Furfural and Its Derivatives. Chicago: Miner Laboratories, Furfural Department, 1925.

Houston, D F. Rice: Chemistry and Technology. St. Paul, Minnesota: American Association of Cereal Chemists, 1972.

Kaupp, Albrecht. Gasification of Rice Hulls: Theory and Praxis. Golden, Colorado: Biomass Energy Foundation Press, 2000.

Larson, Nellie G., and Kyle Ward. Rice Hulls and Rice Straw, 1907-1955: A List of References. Washington, D.C: U.S. Department of Agriculture Library, 1957.

Natarajan, B. Post-harvest Technology Problems of Rice in Tamil Nadu. Madras, India: The Institute, 1981.

Ruiten, H T. L. Physical Properties of Paddy and Milled Rice. Manila: Southeast Asia Cooperative Post-Harvest Research and Development Programme, 1979.

Staackmann, Milton, and Thomas C. Goodale. Rice Hull Utilization: Final Report. San Maxteo, California: URS Research Co, 1970.

Taqi-ul-Hassan, Technical Report on Manufacture of Activated Carbon from Rice Husk. Lahore: Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development, Punjab, 1985.

Velupillai, L, and M P. Mailander. Rice Hull Utilization for Energy - Review of the Technologies. St. Joseph, Michigan: American Society of Agricultural Engineers, 1987.

Ward, Kyle. Rice Hulls and Rice Straw, 1907-1944: A List of References. Washington, D.C: U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1946.