Thomas E. Devine Papers

Thomas E. Devine Papers Introduction

The Thomas E. Devine Papers span the years 1953-2009. The collection is 32.5 linear feet and occupies 26 cartons. The collection was donated to Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, in May 2009. Materials are in good condition. There are no restrictions on use of materials. The collection was partially arranged and described in 2009 by Mark Levengood, a graduate student in history at the University of Maryland. Steps performed in partial arrangement and description included surveying materials, writing a box list, and describing collection materials. This basic finding aid document provides introductory and biographical information, collection scope, and a box list.


Disclaimer

Special Collections of the National Agricultural Library (NAL) acquires, arranges, describes, preserves and makes available rare materials significant to the history of agriculture. Materials are obtained through donation or active collection in accordance with the established Special Collections collection development policy. Special Collections staff organize and describe materials according to archival principles and create descriptions and indexes to enhance access. Staff do not edit or otherwise modify the original materials. The views expressed in the collections do not necessarily reflect the policies of the National Agricultural Library or the United States Department of Agriculture.


Biographical Sketch

Thomas E. Devine conducted research for the Agricultural Research Service on the genetics of legumes (birdsfoot trefoil, alfalfa, and soybeans) for 42 years. In 1959 Devine graduated from Fordham University with a Bachelor of Science degree in biology and minor in philosophy. In 1963 he received a Master of Science degree in genetics and breeding and a minor in botany from Pennsylvania State University. He received a Ph.D. in plant breeding and minor in genetics and botany from Iowa State University in 1967. From 1967 to 1969 he served as research geneticist with full responsibility for the breeding and genetics of birdsfoot trefoil at Ithaca, New York. He transferred to Beltsville, Maryland, in 1969 to develop insect and disease resistant alfalfas for the eastern United States. In 1974, he transferred to the Plant Nutrition Laboratory to conduct a research program on the genetics and breeding of soybeans. In 1997, his research assignment was augmented with responsibility for breeding legume winter cover crops for use in sustainable agricultural systems with his transfer to the Weed Science Laboratory after the Plant Molecular Biology Laboratory was abolished in 1997.

He is the author of 90 publications including three United States Department of Agriculture Bulletins. He has published in prestigious international journals such as Nature, Crop Science, Euphytica, Journal of Plant Physiology, Theoretical and Applied Genetics, Symbiosis, and the Canadian Journal of Microbiology. He has authored 32 peer reviewed journal articles. He is sole or senior author of four book chapters. In addition to the listed publications, he has many reports in the Soybean Genetics Newsletter including several reports of studies of genetic linkage.

Devine made eight soybean germplasm releases and five soybean cultivar releases. He conducted research in seven broadly diverse areas: (1) interspecific hybridization; (2) the allopolyploidization of induced tetraploids by means of x ray irradiation; (3) selection for tolerance to herbicides; air pollutants and edaphic stresses; (4) the development of disease and insect resistance; (5) the genetics and coevolution of host/microsymbiont nitrogen-fixing interactions; (6) mapping the soybean genome; and (7) breeding legumes for sustainable agricultural systems. He established the significance of anthracnose resistance in alfalfa production, and developed and released the first anthracnose resistant alfalfa variety, Arc. In addition, he developed and released nine alfalfa clones as bioindicators of air pollution, and nine disease resistant alfalfa stocks. These disease resistant releases have served as the genetic foundation for the anthracnose resistant cultivars now predominant in United States agriculture.

Devine served as a member of the Soybean Variety Review Board, participated in international symposia, and served as Associate Editor of Crop Science. He has been a member of numerous scientific committees. He was elected chairman of the Soybean Genetics Committee and the Soybean Crop Germplasm Committee. He was elected a "Fellow" of both the American Society of Agronomy and the Crop Science Society of America.


Scope and Content Note

The Thomas E. Devine Papers contain materials from his 42 years of research for the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Research Service (ARS) on the genetics and breeding of legumes (birdsfoot trefoil, alfalfa, and soybeans). Papers include research-related correspondence, information on conferences attended and his advisory capacities, and documents regarding professional organizations to which he belonged. Many of Devine’s 90 publications are included in the papers. Years and topics of research include: 1967-1969, breeding and genetics of birdsfoot trefoil, Ithaca, NY; 1969-1974, insect and disease resistant alfalfas for the eastern United States, Beltsville, Maryland; 1974-1997, genetics and breeding of soybeans, Plant Nutrition Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland; 1997-2009, breeding legume winter cover crops for use in sustainable agricultural systems, Weed Science Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.

Detailed field plans and evaluations are included from various research projects. Successful projects from Devine’s work include: eight soybean germplasm releases, five soybean cultivar releases, and two hairy vetch cultivar releases; interspecific hybridization; the allopolyploidization of induced tetraploids by means of x-ray irradiation; selection for tolerance to herbicides; air pollutants and edaphic stresses; the development of disease and insect resistance; the genetics and coevolution of host/microsymbiont nitrogen-fixing interactions; mapping the soybean genome; breeding legumes for sustainable agricultural systems; research on anthracnose resistance in alfalfa production; the first anthracnose resistant alfalfa variety, Arc; development and release of nine alfalfa clones as bioindicators of air pollution; and nine disease resistant alfalfa stocks.


Additional Publications

Devine, T.E. Registration of TW 98-1 Soybean Genetic Stock. Crop Science. 45: 1674-1675. 2005.

Mebrahtu, T., Devine, T.E., Donald, P.A., & Abney, T.S. Registration of ‘Randolph’ Vegetable Soybean. Crop Science. 45: 2644-2645. 2005.

Devine, T.E. & McMurtrey, III, J.E. Registration of PA 15 Soybean Germplasm. Crop Science. 46: 999-1000. 2006.

Devine, T.E., McMurtrey, III, J.E., Mebrahtu, T., Abney, T.A., Donald, P.A., Starner, D.E., Hashem, F.M., & Dadson, R.B. Registration of Mooncake Vegetable Soybean Cultivar. Crop Science. 46: 1810-1811. 2006.

Green, V.S., Dao, T.H., Stone, Jr., G.N., Cavigelli, M.A. Baumhardt, R.L., & Devine, T.E. Bioactive Phosphorus Loss In Simulated Runoff From A P-Enriched Soil Under Two Forage Management Systems. Soil Science. 172: 721-732. 2007.

Mebrahtu, T., Devine, T.E., Donald, P.A., & Abney, T.S. Registration of ‘Owens’ Vegetable Soybean. Journal of Plant Registrations. 1: 95-96. 2007.

Mebrahtu, T., & Devine, T.E. Combining Ability Analysis For Selected Green Pod Yield Components of Vegetable Soybean Genotypes (Glycine Max). New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science. 36: 97-105. 2008.

Mebrathu, T., & Devine, T.E. Diallel Analysis of Sugar Content of 10 Vegetable Soybean Lines. Plant Breeding. 128: 249-252. 2009.

Boateng, A.A., Mullen, C.A., Goldberg, N.M., Hicks, K.B., Devine, T.E., Lima, I.M., McMurtrey, III, J.E. Sustainable Production of Bioenergy and Bio-Char From Straw of High Biomass Soybean Lines via Fast Pyrolysis. Journal of Environmental Progress and Sustainable Energy. 29: 175-183. 2010.

Maul, J., Mirsky, S., Emche, S., & Devine, T.E. Evaluating A Germplasm Collection of the Cover Crop Hairy Vetch for Use In Sustainable Farming Systems. Crop Science. 51: 2615-2625. 2011.