Series I. Parasite Illustrations.
1898-1971. 46 boxes.
This series consists mainly of drawings of animal parasites created by staff in the Beltsville Parasitological Laboratory and predecessor offices. Many of the images in this series may have been intended for use in publications. Drawings were done in pencil or pen and vary in size. Some were created on paper and some on cardboard; some paper pieces are glued to cardboard. Photographs, negatives, textual notes, or drafts of documents occasionally accompany the drawings. Approximately ten thousand drawings were re-housed, organized, and labeled with the scientific name of the parasite and the date of the drawings, if known. Materials were maintained in original order by specific parasite name in order to keep items of different formats associated with their subjects. The items were placed in acid-free envelopes and folders, and arranged alphabetically by genus and species.
Subseries I.A. Standard-size
Illustrations. 1767-1963. 26 boxes.
The illustration materials in this series fit standard 8.5” x 11” letter-size file folders and are arranged by parasite name. Drawings, photographs, and other illustrations in boxes 25 and 26 were associated with specific publications. These materials were originally unordered, but have been grouped by publication title or by the name of a scientist recorded on an associated envelope. Unidentified images are placed last in the series.
Subseries I.B. Oversize
Illustrations. 1847-1971, undated. 20 boxes.
Drawings and other illustrations larger than letter-size are organized separately in legal or oversize boxes. Many of the oversize items consist of multiple drawings attached to cardboard backing. Individual drawings may or may not be labeled. Some drawings are separated from their cardboard backing or missing entirely. It appears that many of the oversized pieces were “figures” or “plates” created for publications such as USDA
Farmers’ Bulletins or leaflets. Other materials include report jackets, drawings, and photographs from the Bureau of Animal Industry editorial office. There are also oversized charts and posters (both numbered and unnumbered) that may have been used for presentations. The oversize materials are grouped first by box size and then in alphabetical order by parasite name within each box.
This subseries also contains the following subseries:
- Subseries I.B.1. Oversize Illustrations (A-M). 1899-1940, undated. 1 box.
- Subseries I.B.2. Oversize Illustrations (N-Z). 1896-1940, undated. 1 box.
- Subseries I.B.3. Oversize Illustrations (A-K). 1847-1953, undated. 1 box.
- Subseries I.B.4. Oversize Illustrations (L-O). 1893-1931, undated. 1 box.
- Subseries I.B.5. Oversize Illustrations (P-V). 1862-1938, undated. 1 box.
- Subseries I.B.6. Oversize Illustrations (A-H). 1882-1940, undated. 1 box.
- Subseries I.B.7. Oversize Illustrations (L-O). 1861-1959, undated. 1 box.
- Subseries I.B.8. Oversize Illustrations (P-W). 1910-1966, undated. 1 box.
- Subseries I.B.9. Oversize Illustrations (A-T). 1905-1942, undated. 1 box.
- Subseries I.B.10. Oversize Illustrations (multiple species). 1920-1939, undated. 1 box.
- Subseries I.B.11. Oversize Illustrations (diagrams). undated. 1 box.
- Subseries I.B.12. Oversize Illustrations (miscellanous materials by parasite name or subject, A-F). 1883-1946, undated. 1 box.
- Subseries I.B.13. Oversize Illustrations (miscellanous materials by parasite name or subject, I-L). 1955, undated. 1 box.
- Subseries I.B.14. Oversize Illustrations (miscellanous materials by parasite name or subject, M-R). 1935-1971, undated. 1 box.
- Subseries I.B.15. Oversize Illustrations (miscellanous materials by parasite name or subject, S-Z). 1913-1941, undated. 1 box.
- Subseries I.B.16. Oversize Illustrations (Farmers’ Bulletins). 1898-1953. 1 box.
- Subseries I.B.17. Oversize Illustrations (Leaflets). 1928-1957. 1 box.
- Subseries I.B.18. Oversize Illustrations (unidentified). Undated. 3 boxes.
Series II. Parasite
Photographic Materials. 1902-1977, undated. 51 boxes.
This series consists of glass plate positives (lantern slides), glass plate and acetate negatives (accompanied by an alphabetical and numerical index), publication reprint negatives, photographs, and oversize photographs mounted on cardboard. At the end of this series are materials from various stages of the publication process, such as manuscript galleys and reprint negatives. These materials are retained in this series as the photographs and negatives were part of the publication process.
Subseries II.A. Lantern Slides. 1906-1940, undated.
This subseries contains approximately 700 glass plate positives (also called lantern slides). Each 3” x 4” slide is numbered and filed with an index card that gives a caption for the image. Some slides have both a lantern slide number and a negative number noted on the label.
Subseries II.B. Glass Plate Negatives. 1902-1938,
undated. 31 boxes.
There are approximately 3,500 glass plate negatives of various sizes in this subseries. Each plate is numbered but there are no captions on the envelopes. A card index to glass plate negatives is filed at the end of this subseries. The index consists of two parts: the first part lists negatives by number and the second part lists them alphabetically by subject. Images depict parasite specimens, drawings, micrographs of parasite sections, scientist portraits, diagrams, figures for publications (index card may include figure number, publication title, and volume number). Note that there is an appendix to this finding aid that lists names of parasites for which there is an index card.
Subseries II.C. Glass
Exhibit Plates. Undated. 3 boxes.
The heavy glass plates in this set are framed in brass and measure 10.75” x 10.75”. Some are labeled “U.S. Public Health Service”. The plates depict parasite specimens and were probably part of a display.
Subseries II.D. Parasite Photographs. 1909-1965, undated.
This subseries contains both standard-size and oversize material. It includes photographs that are unnumbered, along with numbered prints that correspond to the indexed negatives in Subseries II.B above.
Subseries II.E. Publication Process Galleys and Negatives.
1935-1977, undated. 2 boxes.
Consists primarily of articles that were published in professional journals, including American Journal of Veterinary Research,
Journal of Parasitology, Proceedings of the Helminthological Society
of Washington, and others.
Series III. History of the Animal Parasite
Institute. 1867-1990s. 50 boxes.
This series includes information on the animal parasite research of the United States Department of Agriculture’s Bureau of Animal Industry beginning in the late 1800s. The materials trace the beginning of animal parasite work in Washington, D.C., followed in 1930 by the establishment of the Animal Parasite Laboratory at the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center in Maryland.
Subseries III.A. General Information. 1884-1984.
These materials include general information about the history of parasitology and the animal research conducted by USDA since its establishment in 1862, with specific information on USDA parasite research. Documents trace parasitological work conducted at Beltsville, Maryland and at regional research laboratories.
Subseries III.B. Photographs. 1867-1990s. 16
Photographs and/or negatives were produced and organized by various employees during their tenures at USDA. Lawrence Avery, the Beltsville Parasitological Laboratory’s first administrative officer (1929 to1945) took photographs during the construction of the laboratory and its associated buildings. Robert G. Leek supplied images of the laboratory before, during, and after its move to the Animal Disease Station area of the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center (1957 to1961). Some of these images were used in various films produced by the Animal Parasite Institute and in publications on the history of parasite work written by John S. Andrews. Photograph folders may contain an assortment of photographs related to the Animal Parasitology Institute, or may be labeled for specific buildings, laboratories, or staff members. Some folders contain duplicates. Folders are arranged in chronological order or approximate time period.
Subseries III.B.1. Photographs - Lists. 1913-1981, undated. 2 boxes.
This section contains typewritten lists of photographs, slides shows, and images used in films.
Subseries III.B.2. Photographs – Albums. 1930s-1963. 1 box.
There are four photograph albums containing primarily images of employees and early USDA buildings.
Subseries III.B.3. Photographs – Portraits File. 1878-1984, undated. 3 boxes.
A “portraits file” was created by the Animal Parasite Institute staff and consists of photographs or published images of scientists from around the world. They are filed alphabetically by first letter of the subject’s last name. Some of the pictures were collected by Brayton Howard Ransom in 1913 when he wrote to notable contemporaries in parasitology and veterinary science and exchanged portraits with them. The bulk of these materials depict early- to mid-twentieth century subjects. Portraits of Ransom and Cooper Curtice were moved to this series from their personal papers series.
Subseries III.B.4. Photographs – Staff (Groups). 1893-circa 1990s. 2
This subseries consists of group photographs of USDA Bureau of Animal Industry staff and other group photographs produced during the Animal Parasite Institute’s history. These images encompass employee photographs from the 1890s to 1990s, including Washington, D.C., Beltsville, and regional staffs, conference attendees, and award recipients. Some of these images were used in John S. Andrews’ writings on the history of USDA’s animal parasite research.
Subseries III.B.5. Photographs – Buildings. 1867-1990s. 3 boxes.
Among the images in this series are some depicting the facilities built at the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center between the 1930s and 1960s. Aerial photographs from various dates are included; some of these were taken by Soil Conservation Service photographer K.S. Montgomery during a 1936 ride in the Goodyear Blimp. One group of photographs documents the buildings constructed as Public Works Administration (PWA) projects.
Subseries III.B.6. Photographs – Animal Research. Circa late 1800s or
1904-1983, undated. 4 boxes.
This series includes photographs of animal research conducted by parasitologists at Beltsville and at the regional research laboratories in Bloomington, Illinois; Moultrie, Georgia; Tifton, Georgia; and Denver, Colorado. Photographs of swine sanitation in Illinois, the Nebraska state fair, and pathology of swine were collected by Hayes B. Raffensperger. Other photographs were produced by R. T. Habermann, Merle Colglazier, John M. Vetterling, Ralph T. Zimmerman, and J. Ralph Lichtenfels.
Subseries III.B.7. Photographs – Used in Publications and Films. 1891-1978,
undated. 1 box.
These are groups of photographs originally labeled for use with particular publications. Many are duplicates of those found in other photograph series. Materials are arranged by publication title. This subseries includes prints used for the film “BPL Moves to ADS” (circa 1977-1978). Prior to the film’s production, photographer Nancy Ringgold was hired to document the buildings, people, and work done at the Beltsville Parasitological Laboratory. This series includes her 35mm prints and negative strips.
Subseries III.C. Portrait Drawings. 1942-circa 1988, undated. 1 box and 11 framed items.
This series consists of charcoal portraits of previous parasitology administrators beginning with Cooper Curtice in 1886 and concluding with Ronald Fayer in 1988. One drawing includes artist Marton Hall Murray’s signature; possibly other artists shared in creating the portaits. These drawings range in size from 2’ x 2’6” to 3’ x 4’ and were originally framed in 2” wide wood. There are several, unframed duplicate draft copies. The framed portraits were formerly displayed in the Animal Parasitology Institute’s offices.
Subseries III.D. Selected Manuscripts and Personal Papers of Animal Parasite Institute Staff. (circa 1918) 1930-1999, undated. 24 boxes.
Staff papers include documents such as biographies, retirement information, obituaries, photographs, field notebooks, manuscripts, correspondence, and personal memorabilia collected by individuals who worked at the Animal Parasite Institute.
Subseries III.D.1. Various Scientists. 1901-1999. 3 boxes.
Materials of scientists included are those whom John S. Andrews researched for his various publications.
Subseries III.D.2. John Scott Andrews. 1930-1987. 5 boxes.
Andrews’ papers are arranged in the following order: administrative materials, correspondence, research materials, and publications/drafts. Among these are Andrews’ notes and rough drafts of the publication titled Animal
Parasite Research in the Zoological Division, Bureau of Animal Industry, U.S.
Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., 1923-1938, which was published posthumously by the Animal Parasitology Institute in . There are also notes and rough drafts of Andrews’ contribution to 100 Years of Animal
This subseries also contains the following subseries:
- Series III.D.2.a. John Scott Andrews – General: Administrative. 1975-1983. .5 box.
- Series III.D.2.b. John Scott Andrews – Publications: General. 1930-1984. .5 boxes.
- Series III.D.2.c. John Scott Andrews – Publications: Animal Parasite Research in the Zoological Division, Bureau of Animal Industry, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., Washington, D.C., 1923-1938. 1974-1986. 2 boxes.
- Series III.D.2.d. John Scott Andrews – Publications: “Animal Parasitology in the United States Department of Agriculture, 1886-1984.” 100 Years of Animal Health 1884-1984. 1983-1987, undated. 2 boxes.
Subseries III.D.3. Albert J. Hassall. 1911-1914, undated. 1 box.
Hassall’s papers include correspondence, bibliographic notes and index cards.
Subseries III.D.4. Brayton Howard Ransom. 1899-1926, undated. 1 box.
Ransom’s materials include biographical information, obituaries, correspondence, notebooks, certificates, and school and personnel records. A small number of photographs, both prints and negatives, of Ransom with colleagues and family members are contained here. His collection of scientists’ portraits is filed in subseries III.B.3.
Subseries III.D.5. Charles Wardell Stiles. 1892-1905. 6 boxes.
The papers consist mostly of Stiles’ correspondence from 1892 to 1905, which includes his two years serving as scientific attaché to the United States Embassy in Berlin. Other documents include a research manuscript, zoological nomenclature notes, and memorabilia.
Subseries III.D.6. Leonard Erwin Swanson. 1925-1951. 8 boxes.
Swanson’s papers consist primarily of his correspondence with his supervisor and other USDA scientists and cooperators related to the swine and liver fluke research conducted at the USDA Regional Research Laboratories. Also included are reports and projects, along with drafts and final versions of articles and publications regarding research on specific parasites. Materials are organized in approximate chronological order for each laboratory site.
This subseries also contains the following subseries:
- Series III.D.6.a. Leonard Erwin Swanson –Regional Research Laboratory: Chicago. 1925-1937. .25 box.
- Series III.D.6.b. Leonard Erwin Swanson –Regional Research Laboratory: Southern Region. 1926-1941. 2.75 boxes.
- Series III.D.6.c. Leonard Erwin Swanson –Regional Research Laboratory: Western Region. 1931-1951. 5 boxes.
Subseries III.E. Cestodes, Digenes, and Nematode Clippings. Circa late 1800s, early 1900s. 4 boxes.
This series consists of article copies, clippings, lists, and bibliographic material related to taxonomy work on cestodes, digenes, and nematodes. Materials are filed alphabetically by genus and species. The digenes sequence appears to be complete, but some alphabetical sections are missing entirely from the cestode and nematode sets.
Subseries III.F. Films. 1954-1980. 1 box and 6 canisters.
Materials in this series include textual information on films including the narrative for a (never produced) movie showing move of Beltsville Parasitological Laboratory (Zoological Division, Bureau of Animal Industry) to former Animal Disease Station site, 1960-61, 1979-80; includes production notes and script. Films include 16 mm works on trichinosis, lungworm, hookworm, and several other parasites. The majority of this series consists of various cuts of films that may have been used for a trichinosis film project.
Series III. Oversize Materials. 3 boxes.
Oversize materials were separated from their original boxes in Series III. Items are primarily photographs. There are also Beltsville land acquisition maps, blueprints, and documents as well as a Cooper Curtice chart used for presentations.
Series IV. Additions: J. Ralph Lichtenfels Files. 1959-2000. 6 boxes.
New additions consist of the files of J. Ralph Lichtenfels, including biographical information, research notebook, correspondence, conference and meeting information, and subject files.
Series V. Additions: Printing Blocks. Undated. 1 box.
New additions consist of printing blocks of parasites used for a variety of publications, including U.S. Department of Agriculture bulletins, journal articles, and textbooks. Many of the blocks are labeled with name of publication and plate number.