John L. Creech Files, U.S. National Arboretum Collection

John L. Creech kneeling in a garden

Table of Contents

Introduction

The John L. Creech Files of photographs, clippings, and publications are part of the larger U.S. National Arboretum Collection, MS 186. In 2017, Special Collections staff organized, described, and re-housed this sub-collection of materials due to frequent research use and deteriorating folder tabs. Special Collections Librarian Amy Morgan and volunteer Irene Blade re-housed seven linear feet of materials into 17 acid-free boxes. In 2019, Office Automation Assistant Raymond Williams keyed the container list into an Excel spreadsheet. In 2020, Special Collections Archivist Sara Lee compiled this supplemental finding aid.

Biographical Sketch

1920

Born in Woonsocket, Rhode Island

1941

Received a bachelor of science in Horticulture from Rhode Island State College (now the University of Rhode Island).

Commissioned as Second Lieutenant of Infantry, U.S. Army; called to active duty immediately

1943

Earned the Silver Star for heroic actions in World War II. As First Lieutenant of First Infantry Division of the U. S. Army, known as the “Big Red One”, during the Allied invasion of North Africa, he led a patrol deep into enemy lines.

1943-1945

Captured in North Africa by Erwin Rommel’s Afrika Korps and sent to the German-run prisoner of war camp for officers (OFLAG 64) in Poland. Ran a greenhouse as well as developed and maintained a two-acre garden plot used to feed 1, 500 men. Won a Bronze Star for his gardening efforts.

1947

Earned a master’s degree in Horticulture at the University of Massachusetts

Became an employee U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Plant Introduction Station (Glendale Plant Propagation Unit, Maryland)

Year unknown

Joined the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Office of Foreign Plant Exploration. Read an article in The National Horticultural Magazine (now The American Gardener) about plant explorers with the U.S. Office of Foreign Plant Exploration and Expedition that changed his career path

1953

Received a doctorate in botany from the University of Maryland

1953-1956

Served as president of the American Horticultural Society (AHS)

Dates unknown.

Conducted 10 plant exploration trips to Japan, Russia, Nepal, Taiwan and Yugoslavia

Date unknown.

Became director of the USDA plant exploration office

1972

Received the Royal Horticultural Society’s Gold Veitch Memorial Medal

1973-1980

Appointed third director of the U.S. National Arboretum in January 1973; negotiated the gift of 53 bonsai and 6 viewing stones from the people of Japan for America’s bicentennial celebration. Gift expected to become the National Bonsai & Penjing Museum.

1980

Retired as the third director of the U.S. National Arboretum to Hendersonville, North Carolina; introduced American nurserymen to Japanese horticulture – led tours to Japan

Pre-1987

Established with others the North Carolina Arboretum in Asheville, served as interim part-time director

1989

Received the Liberty Hyde Bailey Medal

2009

Died at age 89

Scope and Content Note

In the finding aid for the U.S. National Arboretum Collection written by Joe Howard in 1994, he identified the John L. Creech files as “Photographs and Illustrations [used in] Miscellaneous Publications Box 31 A-L”. Later, Special Collections staff located additional files in the library stacks representing subjects in alphabetical order starting with “M-W”. In 2017, the newly discovered Creech materials were added to the U.S. National Arboretum Collection. The boxes were placed in order following the already existing “A-L” files. Therefore, this finding aid includes documentation of Creech files that are not acknowledged in Howard’s finding aid.

The John L. Creech files contain black and white photographs of plants found in different geographic locations throughout the world. Photographs are mounted on paper with typewritten data. Details include subject name, negative number, size, recipient of print was and/or title of work containing the photograph, brief caption, expedition, or date. The majority of these photographs were taken during plant exploration trips.

Photographic files are in alphabetical order by folder name, which ranges from a person to plant, geographical location, activity related to plants, or an organization such as experiment station or garden club. Types of photographs include perennial plants, fiber plants, experiment stations, USDA employees, fertilizer, garden clubs, crop, fruit, grasses, aquatic flowering plants, trees, palm trees, shrubs, evergreen shrub, spices, quarantine, and vegetables.

Persons for which individually named files exist include Frederick V. Coville (first director of the National Arboretum), Dr. David and Graham Fairchild, Myra Haines, Peter Liu, Wilson Popenoe, Edward Simmonds, Homer C. Skeels, Walter Van Fleet, H. L. (Harvey Leroy) Westover, and W. E. (William Edwin) Whitehouse. This is not an exhaustive list of people shown in the collection photographs. Additional people appear in photographs and their names are indicated in captions.

Container List

Box 001 – Ab - An
Box Folder Title/Description Date(s)
001 001 Abies species Undated
001 002 Abutilon 1930, 1931
001 003 Acacia species 1904, 1942
001 004 Acanthoriza species 1940
001 005 Acer species 1927, 1940
001 006 Achradelpha species 1911, 1914, 1917
001 007 Achras sapota 1938
001 008 Acnistus 1942
001 009 Aconitum specia Undated
001 010 Acrocomia species 1914, 1920
001 011 Actinea biennis Undated
001 012 Actinidia species 1910, 1915, 1917
001 013 Adansonia digitata 1928
001 014 Aesculus species Undated
001 015 Afghanistan Undated
001 016 Africa 1928
001 017 Agave species 1906, 1907, 1919, 1943
001 018 Air-conditioning Unit - Glenn Dale, Maryland 1952, 1953
001 019 Alberia caffra 1941
001 020 Albizzia species Undated
001 021 Allanthus 1946
001 022 Allium 1919
001 023 Alocasia species Undated
001 024 Aloe 1945
001 025 Althaea species Undated
001 026 Ambrosia species 1936
001 027 Amomum species 1926
001 028 Amphianthus species Undated
001 029 Amygdalus species 1902, 1910-1916, 1934, 1936, 1956
001 030 Anacardium species 1913, 1917, 1936
001 031 Ananas 1925-26, 1928, 1934-1937
001 032 Andromeda species 1922
001 033 Andropogon species Undated
001 034 Angelica 1940
001 035 Annona species 1914,1915,1917,1918,1931,1932,1941, 1944,1945-
Box 002 – An - Ba
Box Folder Title/Description Date(s)
002 001 Anthemis species Undated
002 002 Anthemum species Undated
002 003 Apios 1945
002 004 Apium species Undated
002 005 Aplopappus species 1940
002 006 Apocynum Cannabinum L 1942
002 007 Arachis hypogaea 1904, 1941
002 008 Aralia species 1903, 1913, 1911, 1914, 1915, 1918
002 009 Araucaria btasiliensis 1914
002 010 Arctium species Undated
002 011 Areca 1912, 1926
002 012 Areca catechu 1942
002 013 Aristicla pennata Undated
002 014 Armour expedition 1932
002 015 Arracacha esculenta 1920, 1946
002 016 Arracacia species 1912, 1917, 1918, 1919
002 017 Artocarpus species 1913, 1916, 1920, 1929, 1941
002 018 Artomacon species 1940
002 019 Arundinaria species 1932-1933, 1936
002 020 Arundo donax Undated
002 021 Asclepias species 1924, 1933, 1935, 1927, 1942, 1944
002 022 Asiatic Bean 1958
002 023 Asimina triloba (Pawpaw) 1893, 1931, 1941, 1943
002 024 Astragalus 1908, 1931, 1942, 1955 - 1957
002 025 Astrocaryum species 1932 - 1939
002 026 Atalantia species 1911
002 027 Attalea cohune 1918 - 1941
002 028 Atropa species Undated
002 029 Averrhoa carambola Undated
002 030 Azaleas 1935
002 031 Bactris 1942
002 032 Bamboos (Bambusa spp. and others) 1906, 1910, 1911, 1914, 1909, 1919, 1920, 1926, 1927, 1929, 1930 - 1933
Box 003 – Be - Ca
Box Folder Title/Description Date(s)
003 001 Begonia species 1954 , 1959
003 002 Bell Station 1923 - 1953
003 003 Belou species Undated
003 004 Berberies 1913
003 005 Bertholletia nobilis 1932
003 006 Blighia species 1914 - 1917
003 007 Bombax species 1914
003 008 Borassus 1926
003 009 Botanic Garden 1929
003 010 Botor tetragonoloba 1920
003 011 Bradford pear 1917, 1959, 1942
003 012 Brahea species 1914, 1940
003 013 Brazil 1914, 1932
003 014 Bromelia species 1914
003 015 Brooksville 1938
003 016 Bulbs 1913, 1917
003 017 Burkea Undated
003 018 Burma view 1922
003 019 Byrsonima 1918
003 020 Cacara species Undated
003 021 Cactus 1921, 1932, 1943
003 022 Caesalpinia 1943
003 023 Cajan species 1930
003 024 Cajuputi species Undated
003 025 Calamus 1926
003 026 Calendula species Undated
003 027 Calocarpum mammosum 1941
003 028 Camassia species 1940
003 029 Camellia species 1953
003 030 Camoensis 1916
003 031 Camphora officinalis 1904, 1905
003 032 Cananga odorata 1940
003 033 Canarium species Undated
003 034 Candelilla Undated
003 035 Canna species 1920
003 036 Cannellice species 1951
003 037 Capparis spinosa 1941
003 038 Capsicum species Undated
003 039 Caragana Undated
003 040 Carapa 1920
003 041 Carica species 1914, 1915-1916, 1918, 1921, 1924, 1928, 1931
003 042 Cariniana legalis Undated
Box 004 – Ca - Co
Box Folder Title/Description Date(s)
004 001 Carissa species 1911, 1915-1916, 1916, 1920, 1933
004 002 Carludovica 1945
004 003 Carum species Undated; used in 1960 publication
004 004 Carya species 1915, 1941
004 005 Caryocab brasiliensis 1914
004 006 Caryocaraceae caryocar Undated
004 007 Casimiroa species 1916, 1917
004 008 Cassiafustula 1942
004 009 Castanea species 1909, 1912, 1913, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1924, 1926, 1929, 1930
004 010 Castanopsis species 1922
004 011 Castilla species 1904, 1907, 1923, 1940, 1942
004 012 Catalpa species 1915, 1953
004 013 Catha 1915
004 014 Cattle in thrace 1948
004 015 Cedrus species 1959
004 016 Ceiba 1943
004 017 Celtis species 1959
004 018 Centropogon 1948
004 019 Ceratonia species 1906, 1916, 1920
004 020 Cereus species 1915, 1920
004 021 Ceylon 1926, 1929
004 022 Chaenomeles 1915, 1926
004 023 Chaenomeles lagenaria 1948, 1949
004 024 Chalcas species Undated
004 025 Chalk cliffs 1948
004 026 Chamaeobrea species 1914, 1917, 1939
004 027 Chapman Field 1924
004 028 Charts-relative strands of seedlings, understerilized media, and cyclinder machine 1940, 1941, 1960
004 029 Chenopodium 1915, 1918
004 030 Chico experiment station 1938
004 031 Chile 1922
004 032 Chinese caravans, views, etc. ( 1 of 2 ) 1907, 1913, 1914, 1916, 1919, 1922, 1924, 1925, 1927, 1928, 1930, 1933
004 033 Chinese caravans, views, etc. (2 of 2) 1906, 1907, 1913, 1914, 1922, 1924, 1925, 1926, 1927, 1929, 1930, 1931
004 034 Chionanthus 1945
004 035 Chloris species 1911, 1914, 1924, 1906
004 036 Chrysanthemum species 1906
004 037 Chrysothamnus species-rabbitbrush 1942, 1929, 1948,
004 038 Cibotium species 1939
004 039 Cicer species 1909, 1914, 1915
004 040 Cirsium species 1940
004 041 Cissus species 1959
004 042 Citrullus species 1916
004 043 Citrus species (1 of 2) 1913, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1927, 1931, 1954
004 044 Citrus species (2 of 2) 1913, 1914, 1915, 1906, 1919, 1922, 1945
004 045 Cladrastis 1944
004 046 Clausena species 1914
004 047 Cnicus species Undated; used in 1960 publication
004 048 Cochlearia species Undated
004 049 Cochliostema jacobianum 1943
004 050 Cocos 1913, 1916, 1920, 1922, 1925, 1926, 1928, 1931, 1932, 1939
Box 005 – Co - Cy
Box Folder Title/Description Date(s)
005 001 Cocothrinax anomalus 1926, 1938, 1940
005 002 Coffea 1903, 1927, 1928, 1937, 1954
005 003 Coix lacryma-jobi Undated
005 004 Cola species 1926
005 005 Colchicum species Undated
005 006 Coleospadix 1932
005 007 Coleus species 1920
005 008 Collecting equipment 1944-1945
005 009 Collins, G.N. (Guy N.) 1923
005 010 Colocasia species 1911, 1913, 1916, 1918, 1929
005 011 Colombia 1920
005 012 Colpothrinac species Undated
005 013 Combretum comosum 1919
005 014 Convallaria species 1947
005 015 Convalvulus arveuser 1942
005 016 Copernicia 1914, 1933
005 017 Cordia species Undated
005 018 Cordeauxia species 1910
005 019 Coriander 1931
005 020 Cornus canadensis-Bunchberry 1950
005 021 Corylus species 1915
005 022 Corypha umbraculifera 1916
005 023 Costa rica view 1940, 1943
005 024 Coumarouna species 1942
005 025 Coville, Frederick V. (Frederick Vernon) 1937
005 026 Covillea 1921
005 027 Cracca 1930
005 028 Crataegus species 1914, 15, 16, 19, 20, 27, 1941
005 029 Crescentia 1943
005 030 Cryptostegia 1918, 42, 43
005 031 Cuba 1915, 16, 28, 31
005 032 Cucumis 1931, 1944
005 033 Cucurbita species 1928, 1948, 1954
005 034 Cudrania species 1914, 1915
005 035 Cupressus species 1959
005 036 Cyamopsis tertagonoloba 1946
005 037 Cycas species 1959
005 038 Cyclanthera pedata Undated
005 039 Cydonia 1921
005 040 Cynara scelymus Undated
Box 006 – Cy - Er
Box Folder Title/Description Date(s)
006 001 Cyphomandra 1914
006 002 Cypripedium spectabile 1912
006 003 Cyrilla species 1952
006 004 Cyrtosperum senegalense 1928
006 005 Cyrtostachys lakka 1920, 1941
006 006 Dahlia species 1923, 1943
006 007 Dalea spinosa 1940
006 008 Datura species Undated
006 009 Daucus species 1924, 1924
006 010 Dellenia indica 1928
006 011 Delphinium 1940
006 012 Dendrocalamus species 1921, 1937
006 013 Dentaria species 1945
006 014 Deringa species 1919
006 015 Derris 1942
006 016 Dexeria corneto 1908
006 017 Diamorpha 1939
006 018 Digitalis Undated
006 019 Dimocarpus species 1914, 1941
006 020 Dimorphotheca species 1960
006 021 Dioscorea species 2016-1955
006 022 Diospyros species 1911-1929
006 023 Dipterocarpus turbinatus 1922
006 024 Dipteryx odorata 1942
006 025 Dodonaea Undated
006 026 Dolichos 1930
006 027 Dominican view 1922-1934
006 028 Dorsett's Brazilian bulletin Undated
006 029 Dove cotls 1948
006 030 Dovyalis hebecarpa 1941
006 031 Dracaena 1942-1959
006 032 Dracontomelom species 1922
006 033 Duranta 1923
006 034 Durio 1932
006 035 Echeveria species 1910
006 036 Echinocereus 1940
006 037 Ecuadorean view 1940-1942
006 038 Edgeworthia species 1903, 1906, 1934
006 039 Egypt 1911
006 040 Eichhornia 1956
006 041 Elaeagnus species 1911
006 042 Elaeis species 1924, 1939, 1942
006 043 Eleocharis dulcis 1926-1957
006 044 Engelhardtia species 1922
006 045 England views 1959
006 046 Enlow 1940
006 047 Enterolobium cycloccarpum 1915
006 048 Ephedra 1958
006 049 Epigaea repens 1911
006 050 Epilobium 1945
006 051 Eremurus 1914
006 052 Eriobotrya japonica 1930
006 053 Eriodictyon 1940
006 054 Erlanson, Carl O. 1950
006 055 Erythea 1940
006 056 Erythrina 1922-1928
006 057 Erythroxylon coca 1934, 1943, 1947
Box 007 – Es - Gl
Box Folder Title/Description Date(s)
007 001 Escallonia Undated
007 002 Escholtzia 1946
007 003 Eucalyptus species 1942
007 004 Eucnide urens 1940
007 005 Eucommia species 1911, 1942
007 006 Eugenia species 1915, 1916, 1917, 1922, 1923, 1938, 1941
007 007 Euphobia species 1937, 1954
007 008 Eutrema species 1903
007 009 Fairchild, Dr. David and Graham 1926, 1927, 1929, 1930, 1940
007 010 Fallugia 1940
007 011 Fatshedera 1938
007 012 Feijoa species 1918, 1933, 1938
007 013 Fern tree 1922, 1934, 1935
007 014 Feronia species Undated
007 015 Fertilizer 1926
007 016 Ficus species 1907 thru 1942
007 017 Flacourtia ramontchi 1941
007 018 Florida 1928
007 019 Flower show 1954
007 020 Foeniculum 1926
007 021 Fouguieria 1940
007 022 Fourcroya macrophylla 1926, 1928
007 023 Fragaria species-Strawberries 1931
007 024 France views 1959
007 025 Franklinia species 1952, 1953
007 026 Fraximus potamophila 1942
007 027 Funtinnia elastica (?) 1942
007 028 Galloway, Dr. B.T. (Beverly Thomas) [Empty folder] Undated
007 029 Garcinia 1906, 1915, 1927, 1928
007 030 Garden Club of America 1950
007 031 Gardens Undated
007 032 Gaultheria species Undated
007 033 Genipa species 1941
007 034 Gentry, H.S. 1942
007 035 Georgia 1943
007 036 Germinated experiments 1941
007 037 Gigantochloa robusta 1927
007 038 Ginko species 1930
007 039 Glenn Dale azaleas 1949-1953
007 040 Glenn Dale, Maryland 1945, 1953
007 041 Gleditsia sinensis 1915
007 042 Glycyrrhiza species Undated
Box 008 – Go - He
Box Folder Title/Description Date(s)
008 001 Gordonia 1908
008 002 Gossypium species 1913, 1924, 1926, 1927, 1932
008 003 Goucher, Edward 1918
008 004 Grafting 1952, 1953
008 005 Granite 1939
008 006 Grasses 1953
008 007 Greenhouse, Inspecting , Sterilizing 1922, 1931
008 008 Grey, Robert M. 1931
008 009 Guadua species 1921
008 010 Guaiacum sanctum 1919
008 011 Guatemala views 1916, 1917, 1928, 1937
008 012 Guilielma speciosa 1920, 1941
008 013 Gutierrezia 1940
008 014 Gynocardia Undated
008 015 Haines, Myra 1951
008 016 Haloxylon ammodendron Undated
008 017 Hamamelis species Undated
008 018 Harppephyllum species 1903
008 019 Hedera species 1959
008 020 Hedysarum 1934
Box 009 – In - Ma
Box Folder Title/Description Date(s)
009 001 Inodes species 1908, 1911, 1913, 1916
009 002 Ipomaea 1926
009 003 Iris 1929
009 004 Isoetes virginica 1939
009 005 Italy 1959
009 006 Japan 1933, 1935
009 007 Java 1926, 1929
009 008 Jerusalem 1919
009 009 Jessenia 1932
009 010 Jubaea species 1921, 1940
009 011 Juniperus species 1910
009 012 Juglans 1915, 1919, 1927, 1929
009 013 Kalmia peat Undated
009 014 Kaoliang 1924, 1930, 1948
009 015 Kentia 1912, 1913
009 016 Kigella pinnata 1934, 1939
009 017 Kokia species 1913
009 018 Lactuca species 1926
009 019 Lagenaria 1909, 1926
009 020 Lagerstromia species 1949
009 021 Lansium species 1912
009 022 Larix species 1908, 1912, 1916
009 023 Latania 1932
009 024 Lawsonia inermis 1918, 1920, 1942
009 025 Lecythis 1932, 1944
009 026 Lespedeza 1929, 1930, 1931
009 027 Leucaena species 1920
009 028 Licuala 1932
009 029 Ligustrum ibolum 1951
009 030 Lilium species 1927, 1930, 1947
009 031 Litchi species 1913-1944
009 032 Lithocarpus species 1928, 1930
009 033 Liu, Peter 1930
009 034 Livistona 1932
009 035 Lobelia species Undated
009 036 Lodoicea 1904-1931
009 037 Lonicera species 1912-1916
009 038 Lonochocarpus 1935, 1942-1943
009 039 Loropetalum 1917
009 040 Lotus 1926-1913
009 041 Luculia gratissima 1922
009 042 Lucuma 1922-1929
009 043 Lupinus 1940
009 044 Lycopersicuon 1946
009 045 Macadamia species 1916-1941
009 046 Machilus species Undated
009 047 Macrozanonia macrocarpa 1961
009 048 Madagascar views 1942
009 049 Magnolia species 1921
009 050 Maize 1931
009 051 Majorana species Undated
009 052 Malay archipelago 1928
009 053 Malorties 1908
009 054 Malus species 1943
009 055 Malvaceae 1929
009 056 Mammea 1928-1941
009 057 Manchurian landscape 1925
Box 010 – Ma - Na
Box Folder Title/Description Date(s)
010 001 Mangifera species 1906, 1909-1916, 1918, 1920-22, 1927, 1941
010 002 Manicaria saccifera 1904, 1924
010 003 Manihat esculenta (cassava), glaziovii 1913, 1917, 1918, 1928
010 004 Manure 1925
010 005 Maranta arundinacea 1918
010 006 Maritia flexuosa 1932
010 007 Matricaria chamomilla Undated, used in 1960 publication
010 008 Mauritia setigera 1932
010 009 Maximiliana 1932
010 010 Maytenus Undated
010 011 Medicago species 1911, 1926, 1943
010 012 Medicinal plants 1940, 1945
010 013 Mediterranean and Great Britain trip 1957
010 014 Mediterranean and Great Britain trip 1957
010 015 Mediterranean and Great Britain trip 1957
010 016 Mediterranean and Great Britain trip 1957
010 017 Meibomia species Undated
010 018 Melaleuca 1916
010 019 Melicocca bijuga Undated
010 020 Melinis species Undated
010 021 Melocanna species 1922
010 022 Melon vines 1948
010 023 Mentha species 1932
010 024 Mentzelia 1940
010 025 Mesopotamia Undated
010 026 Mexican views 1927
010 027 Meyer expedition-E.M. [Empty folder] Undated
010 028 Michelia excelsa Undated
010 029 Mida 1961
010 030 Mimulus 1940
010 031 Miscanthus 1914
010 032 Mistletoe 1943
010 033 Momordica 1941, 1960
010 034 Monstera 1921
010 035 Morocco view 1934, 1936
010 036 Morse, W.J. (William Joseph) 1929, 1936
010 037 Morus 1910
010 038 Musa 1928, 1934, 1943, 1940
010 039 Myrciaria species 1913, 1914
010 040 Myrica species 1910, 1920
010 041 Myristica fragrans 1933
010 042 Myroxylon 1943
010 043 Myrtus 1916
010 044 Nageia nagi Undated
010 045 Nannorhops 1932
010 046 Narcissus species 1913, 1916
Box 011 – Na - Ph
Box Folder Title/Description Date(s)
011 001 National Arboretum 1940, 1941, 1947, 1948
011 002 Neanthe bella 1935, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1946
011 003 Nelumbium 1930
011 004 Neoglaziovia species 1911
011 005 Nephelium species 1909, 1910, 1931, 1941
011 006 Nicotiana 1914
011 007 Nipa fruticans 1929
011 008 Nursery 1917
011 009 Nymphaea 1949
011 010 Ocimum species Undated
011 011 Oenothera 1940
011 012 Olea species 1906, 1911, 1916, 1923, 1927, 1943
011 013 Oncoba species 1923
011 014 Oncosperma tigillaria 1921, 1925
011 015 Oothrinax species 1927, 1957
011 016 Opsiandra 1935
011 017 Opuntia species 1906, 1926, 1940, 1942, 1947
011 018 Oryza species 1928, 1929, 1930, 1942
011 019 Oxalis species Undated
011 020 Pacayito 1917
011 021 Pachira fastuosa 1931
011 022 Paeonia species 1914
011 023 Pahudia Undated
011 024 Paliurus 1944
011 025 Palm 1920, 1931, 1935, 1939
011 026 Panax species Undated
011 027 Pandanus 1940
011 028 Panicum species 1914, 1925
011 029 Papyrus species 1906
011 030 Parthenium 1927
011 031 Pasania species 1914-15
011 032 Passiflora 1910, 1916, 1922, 1925, 1941
011 033 Pastinaca 1928
011 034 Paurotis species 1924, 1926
011 035 Pedilanthus 1942
011 036 Pennisetum Undated
011 037 Penstemon 1940
011 038 Pereskia 1941
011 039 Perilla Undated
011 040 Persea americana (Trees) 1921, 1923, 1924, 1926, 1928, 1934
011 041 Peruvian view 1940
011 042 Petalonyx 1940
011 043 Phaseolus species 1918, 1926, 1930, 1943, 1958
011 044 Phellodendrum 1940
011 045 Philadelphus 1919, 1948
011 046 Phlox 1940
011 047 Phoenix 1902-1904, 1906, 1911-1913, 1921, 1922, 1925, 1929, 1919, 1934, 1941
011 048 Phyllanthus species 1915, 1941
011 049 Phyllocarpus septentrionalis 1920, 1922
Box 012 – Ph - Po
Box Folder Title/Description Date(s)
012 001 Phyllostachys species (1 of 2) 1903 thru 1946
012 002 Phyllostachys species (2 of 2) 1911 thru 1956
012 003 Physalis 1945
012 004 Phytelephas 1912, 1908, 1944
012 005 Phytolacca species Undated
012 006 Picea schrankiana 1941
012 007 Pimenta officinalis 1929
012 008 Pimpinella species Undated
012 009 Pinang 1932
012 010 Pinuela (Bromelia pinguin) 1941
012 011 Pinus species 1919-1946
012 012 Piper species 1953-1954
012 013 Pistacia species 1910-1951
012 014 Plant habitat 1940
012 015 Plant Industry Station 1945
012 016 Plant Introduction Stations 1916-1955
012 017 Plea europea 1953
012 018 Pleiospermium dubium 1948
012 019 Podophyllum species Undated
012 020 Poinciana gilliesi 1942
012 021 Polakowskia species 1920
012 022 Polygala species Undated
012 023 Popenoe, Wilson 1917, 20, 1932
Box 013 – Po - Rh
Box Folder Title/Description Date(s)
013 001 Populus species 1908, 1911, 1916
013 002 Portugal 1959
013 003 Portulacaria species Undated
013 004 Pouteria species Undated
013 005 Primula beesiana 1922
013 006 Primula sinopurprea 1922
013 007 Princepia species 1907, 1914
013 008 Pritchardia 1914-1940
013 009 Propagation 1941-1954
013 010 Protea Undated
013 011 Prunus species 1910-1952
013 012 Pseudophoenix 1908, 1912, 1935
013 013 Pseudosasa species 1933-1935
013 014 Pseudotsuga species 1959
013 015 Psidium 1944
013 016 Psychotria Undated
013 017 Punica species 1919. 1929, 1941
013 018 Puerto Rico 1963
013 019 Pyrus species 1911-1927
013 020 Quarantine 1935, 1942, 1943, 1945
013 021 Quercus species 1910, 1917, 1922, 1934, 1938, 1940, 1942
013 022 Rafflesia patama 1927
013 023 Raphanus species 1924, 1925
013 024 Raphia 1932
013 025 Raphia ruffia 1942
013 026 Rauwolfia species 1954
013 027 Regional coordinators 1952
013 028 Rhammus species Undated
013 029 Rhapidophyllum 1926
Box 014 – Rh - Se
Box Folder Title/Description Date(s)
014 001 Rhapis 1932
014 002 Rheedia 1914, 1917, 1922, 1928
014 003 Rheum 1924
014 004 Rhizophora 1933, 1940
014 005 Rhododendron atlanticum 1949
014 006 Rhododendron hybrids 1942
014 007 Rhododendron species 1922-1950
014 008 Rhopaloblaste singaporensis 1926
014 009 Rhopalostylis 1914
014 010 Rhus 1942, 1943
014 011 Ribes species 1940
014 012 Ricinus species Undated
014 013 Robinia 1939
014 014 Rock's miscellaneous illustrations 1922, 1923, 1924
014 015 Rollinia species 1914-1918
014 016 Rooting Undated
014 017 Rosa species 1910, 1915, 1916, 1922
014 018 Roystones floridana 1924
014 019 Roystonia 1904, 1928
014 020 Rubus species 1911, 1914, 1920, 1921, 1928, 1926
014 021 Rudbeckia species 1960
014 022 Rumex species 1922, 1923
014 023 Russia 1911, 1934
014 024 Ryerson, K.A. (Knowles Augustus) 1931
014 025 Sabal 1912, 1921, 1931
014 026 Saccharum 1921, 1927, 1934, 1936
014 027 Safford 1923
014 028 Sagebrush 1904
014 029 St. Vincent Island-Views Undated
014 030 Salix species 1914, 1915-1929
014 031 Salvia 1917-1940
014 032 Sansevieria species 1950
014 033 Sapranthus species 1916
014 034 Sasa species 1932-1933
014 035 Sassafras albidum 1941
014 036 Savannah views 1936
014 037 Schinus species 1916
014 038 Scirpus 1944
014 039 Schizandra chinensis 1915
014 040 Sclerocarya Undated
014 041 Sechium edule 1915 thru 1939
Box 015 – Se - Spa
Box Folder Title/Description Date(s)
015 001 Sedum 1943
015 002 Semiarundinaria species 1939
015 003 Serenoa 1940
015 004 Shibataea species 1932
015 005 Shipping-packages etc. 1911 thru 1954
015 006 Siam views 1922
015 007 Sicana species 1941
015 008 Sicily 1959
015 009 Simmonds, Edward 1932, 1933
015 010 Simondsia 1953-1957
015 011 Sinocalamus species 1946
015 012 Sisal 1927
015 013 Skeels, Homer C. 1935
015 014 Smilax auriculata 1949
015 015 Soja max 1906 thru 1942
015 016 Sorbaria 1921-1927
015 017 Sorbus 1902-1927
015 018 Solanum species 1903 thru 1940
015 019 Spain Undated
015 020 Spathodea species 1916-1928
015 021 Splagum moss 1941-1956
Box 016 – Ta - Va
Box Folder Title/Description Date(s)
016 001 Tas elmasi 1948
016 002 Tauga mertensiana 1934
016 003 Taxodium distichum 1935
016 004 Tectonia grandis 1930
016 005 Telfairia Undated
016 006 Tephrosia Undated
016 007 Terminalia 1928
016 008 Tetrastigma species 1916
016 009 Thea 1928
016 010 Theobroma 1913, 1917, 1920, 23, 1946
016 011 Thespesia Undated
016 012 Thrinax 1904, 1912, 1932
016 013 Thunbergia 1928
016 014 Thuya species 1959
016 015 Thymus species Undated
016 016 Tigridia pavonia 1927
016 017 Trachycarpus 1915, 1921
016 018 Trachylobium 1927
016 019 Trapa 1926, 1954
016 020 Tribroma species Undated
016 021 Tricholaena 1914
016 022 Trifolium species 1901, 1906, 1953
016 023 Tripsacum laxum Undated
016 024 Trithrina brasiliensis 1913, 1924
016 025 Triticum species 1926, 1927
016 026 Tropaeolum tuberosum 1928
016 027 Trtish River view 1941
016 028 Tunis views 1904
016 029 Turkestan view 1934, 1941
016 030 Turkish views 1948
016 031 Tutma melon Undated
016 032 Ullucus tuberosa Undated
016 033 Ulmus species 1912, 1915-16, 1929, 1931, 1934
016 034 Uncarina 1968
016 035 Undetermined 1927
016 036 United Fruit Company "Honduras" 1928
016 037 Utowana 1928
016 038 Vaccininum 1908, 1910, 1919, 1940
Box 017 – Va - Wh
Box Folder Title/Description Date(s)
017 001 Valeriana species Undated
017 002 Van Fleet Undated
017 003 Vanilla 1909, 1916
017 004 Various photographs 1957, 1965, 1966, 1969, 1970
017 005 Various photographs for Dr. Williams "ginseng" article and negatives turned over to new crops from original file 1932, 1961
017 006 Vegetables-Cassava, Yautia, Pai ts'ai, Tamopan persimmon, Water chestnut, Roselle, Botor (pea), Soybean, Chayote, Arracacha, Edible Canna, Arrowroot, Japanese radish, Roots of the Horseradish tree, and Dasheen 1926, 1931
017 007 Photographs used in publication "Vegetable gardening in the Caribbean area" by H. (Harold) F. Winters and G. (George)W. (William) Miskimen 1957, 1962
017 008 Verbena 1940
017 009 Vermicelli 1924
017 010 Viburnum 1916, 1934
017 011 Vicia species (Mongolian vetch) 1930
017 012 View of Tigris River 1948
017 013 Vigna 1930
017 014 Vitis species 1909-1911-1918-1916-17, 1925
017 015 Wallichia 1914-1946
017 016 Washingtonia 1913
017 017 Westover, H.L. (Harvey Leroy) 1931
017 018 Whitehouse, W.E. (William Edwin) and H.L. (Harvey Leroy) Westover expedition 1931-1940

Selected Bibliography

Sources Used for Finding Aid:

Amalie, Adler Ascher. "A Bonsai Collection from Japan for the Bicentennial Includes: A Rare Gift Centuries in the Making One Tree 150 Years Older than the United States in the Making." The Sun (1837-1994), Jul 18, 1976. https://search.proquest.com/docview/538530704?accountid=6126

---. "Bringing the World's Plants to Your Backyard: Dr. John L. Creech, Director of the National Arboretum, has Explored Asia and Europe to Benefit American Gardeners and Farmers." The Sun (1837-1994), Dec 02, 1979. https://search.proquest.com/docview/538269355?accountid=6126

Baker, Glady L. United States, Agricultural History Branch. Century of Service: The First 100 Years of the United States Department of Agriculture. Washington, DC: Centennial Committee, USDA, 1963.

"Doings of the Day." The Washington Post (1923-1954), Dec 01, 1948. https://search.proquest.com/docview/151999757?accountid=6126

"Garden Club Activities." The Washington Post (1923-1954), Jul 05, 1953. https://search.proquest.com/docview/152593387?accountid=6126

"Garden Notes." The Washington Post (1923-1954), May 15, 1949. https://search.proquest.com/docview/152170538?accountid=6126

Howard, Joseph H. “Archives of the National Arboretum: a finding aid, draft version.” Beltsville, Maryland: National Agricultural Library, 1995. https://archive.org/details/CAT30938087/page/18/mode/2up

"'Metasequoia Tree' Lecture Scheduled." The Washington Post (1923-1954), Oct 26, 1953. https://search.proquest.com/docview/152542015?accountid=6126

“Obituaries: John L. Creech.” Asheville Citizen-Times. Aug 8, 2009. https://www.newspapers.com/image/198591476/?article=c36c142e-4925-4eac-a3d8-1e7f01f6d484&focus=0.3721017, 0.06271692, 0.5234855, 0.24022985&xid=2378

“Remembering horticulture icon Dr. Creech.” Tryon Daily Bulletin. August 25, 2009. Accessed 3/26/20. https://www.tryondailybulletin.com/2009/08/25/remembering-horticulture-icon-dr-creech/

The University of Rhode Island. Military Science and Leadership (Army ROTC) College of Arts and Sciences. “John L. Creech” Captain, WWII, Biography.” https://web.uri.edu/rotc/meet/john-l-creech/

"2, 080 AT U. OF M. WILL GET DEGREES: EXERCISES ARE TO BE HELD AT COLLEGE PARK TODAY." The Sun (1837-1994), Jun 06, 1953. https://search.proquest.com/docview/541640855?accountid=6126

Agricultural Artifacts Collection (John L. Creech’s plant exploration bag). Manuscript Collection 217.

https://www.nal.usda.gov/speccoll/collectionsguide/collection2.php?search=Agricultural+Artifacts+Collection

Collection of Expedition Photographs from the Office of Plant Exploration. Manuscript Collection 280.

https://www.nal.usda.gov/speccoll/collectionsguide/collection2.php?search=The+Collection+of+Expedition+Photographs+from+the+Office+of+Plant+Exploration+consists+of+lantern+slides

Roland Maurice Jefferson Collection. Manuscript Collection 347.

https://specialcollections.nal.usda.gov/guide-collections/roland-maurice-jefferson-collection

U.S. National Arboretum Collection, 1910-1985. Manuscript Collection 186.

https://archive.org/details/CAT30938087/page/18/mode/2up

U.S. National Arboretum Collection Cherry Tree Files. Manuscript Collection 408.

https://specialcollections.nal.usda.gov/guide-collections/united-states-national-arboretum-collection-cherry-tree-files

National Archives and Records Administration. Record Group 54.3.17.: Records of the Division of Plant Exploration and Introduction. The online finding aids catalog may be found at https://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/054.html

U.S. National Arboretum. Roland M. Jefferson Papers. Contact the Museum Specialist for more information. 202-245-5766. https://www.ars.usda.gov/northeast-area/washington-dc/national-arboretum/