Lowell Dean Hill Collection

Lowell Dean Hill

Introduction

Lowell D. Hill (1930-), former professor of Agricultural Economics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (1963-1999) contacted Special Collections, National Agricultural Library in 2015 upon the recommendation of Allan Mustard, U.S. Ambassador to Turkmenistan. Ambassador Mustard was a student of Hill’s at the University of Illinois and later worked with him in the 1990s on the Commodity Exchange Project (COMEX) for Russian grain traders funded by USDA’s Foreign Agricultural Service. Ambassador Mustard recognized the historical value of Hill’s research on grain grades and improving the quality of grain exports.

The collection spans the years 1905 to 2016, the bulk of which are from 1969 to 1997. It occupies 25 boxes and 9 linear feet of shelf space. Materials are in good condition. The collection was organized into subject categories by Hill and rehoused and arranged by Sara Lee from 2015-2016.

Biographical Sketch

Grain economist Lowell D. Hill was born in 1930. He received a B.S. in Agricultural Education at Iowa State University in 1951; a M.S. in Agricultural Economics at Michigan State University in 1961; and a Ph.D. in Agricultural Economics at Michigan State University in 1963.

In 1963, Hill became a professor of agricultural economics at the University of Illinois and served on the faculty for 35 years. In conjunction with this position, he researched grain quality and marketing strategies in more than 50 countries. Hill testified in several Congressional hearings related to grain grades, weight irregularities, and the U.S. Grain Standards Act. The results of his work have shaped U.S. grain grading laws.

Although Hill did not work for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), he received USDA’s Award for Distinguished Service in 1989 for "opening new market opportunities through his influence on national policies and regulations."

Hill has written more than 700 publications, including author or editor of five books, 28 book chapters and numerous journal articles. Because of requests for lectures and workshops, he developed video documentaries describing grain marketing practices and principles in the United States, Europe, Japan and South America. Some of the videos were translated into six languages and distributed worldwide, by the U.S. Grains Council and Foreign Agricultural Service, USDA.

Read the full text of Hill's Distinguished Service Award biography here.

Scope and Content Note

The Lowell D. Hill Collection consists of unpublished papers, correspondence, and Congressional documents related to Hill’s research on grain quality; materials related to his involvement in the USDA’s Foreign Agricultural Service COMEX project; North American Export Grain Association minutes related to Grain Quality Workshops; materials related to his leadership on the international study on grain quality conducted by the United States Congress’ Office of Technology Assessment; personal and biographical materials documenting his research efforts; and selective, complementary published resources from his personal library. Hill collected many resources during the decade he spent researching and writing his 1990 book Grain grades and standards: historical issues shaping the future. Many of Hill’s reports address issues related to grain grades, which are USDA-related. In 1989 Hill received the USDA Distinguished Service Award for improving quality of grain markets and opening new market opportunities.

Most of Hill’s publications were placed in the University Archives at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign but copies of Hill’s and others’ publications deemed critical to his research were included with this collection. This collection does contain some publications that were not placed in the University of Illinois library, but which Hill still used after retirement while consulting for the U.S. Grains Council. This includes minutes of meetings that resulted in important changes in Federal and state regulations related to moisture meter calibrations, grain grades, and transportation. Most of Hill’s work included in bulletins and books are in one or more university library collections.

A related collection, The Lowell D. Hill Papers 1962-1997, is located at the University of Illinois Archives and document his work for the Department of Consumer Sciences and Agricultural Economics. These materials include books, typed manuscripts, journal articles, government publications, technical bulletins and research reports written by Hill between 1962 and 1997.

Series Description

Series I. Personal and Biographical Information. 1972-2015.

This series includes documentation about awards given to Lowell D. Hill by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, American Agricultural Economics Association, and National Corn Growers Association; biographical references; and a comprehensive list of Hill’s publications.

The series also includes Betty E. Hill’s personal journal: On a Magic Carpet of Corn: A World Adventure (2011). Betty E. Hill, wife of Lowell D. Hill, kept a daily journal as she traveled with her husband and his research teams on international trips between 1975 and 2004. She documented their visits to countries in Central and South America, Africa, Asia, and Europe. Her journal records her observations about the research and its accompanying problems and resolutions, the people they encountered at each destination, and some of the cultural practices of the various countries.

Series II. COMEX Project. 1989-2015.

The Commodity Exchange Project (COMEX) trained several hundred Russian grain buyers in grain marketing skills. The four-year project was undertaken to help Russia convert the centralized grain distribution system of the former Soviet government to a free-market model. The U.S. Foreign Agricultural Service supported the project using funds from the Emerging Democracies authorization in the 1990 Farm Bill. Files from Hill’s participation in the project committee comprise this series.

Series III. North Central Regional Research Project, NC-151/NC-213. 1968-1979, 1991-2000, 2003, 2015.

This series comprises materials related to Hill’s proposal for a consortium to integrate multi-disciplinary research related to harvesting, conditioning, and marketing of grain crops. Begun as a cooperative dialog between the departments of agricultural engineering and agricultural economics at the University of Illinois, a regional program was established and grew to involve numerous universities, government agencies, and industry partners. Items in this series include Hill’s original correspondence, memoranda, presentations, proposals, conference programs, and other documents.

Series IV. News Clippings. 1978-1978, 1985-1986.

News clippings in this series chronicle the grain weights and grading scandal of the mid-1970s, which uncovered conflicts of interest and corrupt practices among inspection agencies handling U.S. grain exports. Articles include James V. Risser’s Pulitzer Prize-winning investigative series on the scandal for The Des Moines Register, along with some additional sources. Many of the articles quote Hill. Note that materials related to the subsequent Congressional investigations into the grain inspection controversy are located in Series VI.

This series also includes clippings from 1985 and 1986 covering the passage of the Grain Quality Improvement Act of 1986.

Series V. Grain Quality Workshops. 1976, 1985-1986, 1989-2001.

This series includes notes, correspondence, and minutes of the Grain Quality Workshops, originally sponsored by the National Grain and Feed Association. The workshops, begun in December 1985, were a cooperative venture by 22 organizations representing grain producers, feed developers, elevator operators, exporters and domestic users, processors and manufacturers. Their purpose was to examine and discuss current grain standards and other grain quality issues in an effort to develop consensus recommendations for improving sales of U.S. grains. The North American Export Grain Association later took over sponsorship of the workshops.

Series VI. Congressional Hearings and Expert Testimony in Court Cases. 1975-1976, 1986, 1989, 1990s, 2004.

This series consists of Hill’s collection of documents on Congressional hearings and bills related to grain grades and the U.S. Grain Standards Act. Hill testified in several of these hearings on the topics of grain quality and weight irregularities in U.S. grain shipments.

Series VII. Reports to the United States Congress. 1970-1988.

Subseries VII.A. General Accounting Office (GAO) Study of Grain Inspection System. 1970-1986.

Materials in this section include draft reports, a review proposal, and published appendices in which the GAO reported to Congress on U.S. grain quality standards and concerns. Hill contributed to developing the study and reviewing draft proposals.

Subseries VII.B. Office of Technology Assessment (OTA). 1987-1988.

Hill led a project team for the OTA to study grain quality and marketing practices in other major grain exporting countries. Materials in this section include Hill’s trip report and research reports comparing grain systems in Brazil and Argentina with that of the United States.

Series VIII. World Bank Reports. 1990-1994.

This series consists of reports on grain markets authored by Hill and others.

Series IX. Grain Quality and Transportation Studies. 1917-1996.

Subseries IX.A. Illinois-Iowa Moisture Meter Task Force. 1917-1975, 1980-1989.

Beginning in 1980, Hill chaired a task force to evaluate standards and accuracy in devices used to measure grain moisture content. Materials in this section cover issues in the design and calibration of moisture meters, along with historical background on the development of moisture measuring technologies. Files document the task force research, activities, and resulting actions taken by the government and industry.

Subseries IX.B. Shrink, Adulteration, and the Equivalent Bushel Concept. 1968-1996.

This set of materials supplements the moisture meter calibration folders. "Shrink" refers to the reduction in the quantity of grain (volume or weight) that occurs when moisture is removed. Together, shrink and meter accuracy affect the amount of corn measured in a given weight, which in turn affects grain grade and price. Hill proposed an adjustment called "equivalent bushel" to establish a uniform way to account for differing moisture amounts.

Series IX.C. Transportation of Grain Through the Market System. 1970-1990.

Materials relate to rail car shortages and unit trains, structural change in the grain industry, and the 1973 crisis on receiving, storing, drying, and transporting the corn crop.

Series IX.D. Development of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO). 1985-2000.

Contains mainly publications co-written by Hill on subjects of biotechnology and genetic modification in crop production.

Series X. Complaints by Importers. 1905-2016.

This series contains statistical data and reports on complaints received by USDA from foreign grain buyers concerning quality of the shipments and corruption in the U.S. grain inspection system. Also included are proposed responses to these complaints.

Series XI. Quality Changes in the Export Market Channel. 1975-2016.

Materials are from Hill’s long-term scientific investigation of the quality of U.S. exported grain. This series includes summaries of interviews and surveys, travel itineraries, contact information, and trip reports in grain importing countries.

Series XII. Destination Sampling. 1974-2016.

Materials relate to Hill’s proposal for installation of a certified sampling device (Diverter Sampler or DT) at one or more ports in Europe to compare origin quality with destination quality as the cargo was unloaded in the selected ports. In particular, this series chronicles the destination sampling at Tilbury Grain Terminal located at the port of Tilbury Docks, England. Materials include correspondence, trip reports, project description, and record of activities.

Series XIII. Comparing Quality, Production and Marketing Practices, and Policies Among Major Exporting Countries. 1981-2016.

In this series, Hill details his efforts to conduct research in Brazil, Argentina, and South Africa. The series includes summaries, trip reports, meeting minutes, presentation notes, and correspondence with various groups.

Series XIV. Summary of Support and Opposition from Industry and Government. 1977-2016.

This series includes old and new documentation detailing the opposition, support, and successes in Hill’s research related to grain quality. The materials include Hill’s summaries of events, correspondence, and a few related articles.

Series XV. Unpublished Papers. 1977-2015.

This series contains unpublished papers on a variety of Hill’s research topics.

This series includes materials on grain quality research, changes in grade, soybean history, and several Comptroller General of the United States assessment reports on the national grain inspection system.

Series XVII. Oversize Materials. 1941, 1986.

Oversize materials include a photograph of the joint committee hearings on the University of Illinois campus and a Minary shrink table.

Container List

Box 001 – Series I. Personal and Biographical Information. 1972-2015.
Box Folder Title Date(s)
001 001 Certificate of Appreciation signed by Secretary of Agriculture Richard E. Lyng and presented to Hill at the Agricultural Products Quality and Competitiveness Conference 1988
001 002 USDA Distinguished Service Award for improving quality of grain markets and opening new market opportunities: related paperwork and photographs 1989
001 003 USDA Award: publicity 1989
001 004 Paperwork for nomination of Lowell D. Hill for Distinguished Extension Program Award of the American Agricultural Economics Association 1989
001 005 Paperwork for nomination of Lowell D. Hill for the Corn Industry Award sponsored by National Corn Growers Association 1989
001 006 The 1991 Faculty Award for Excellence Recipients booklet 1991
001 007 Letters from students, faculty, government, and industry 1995, 1998, 1999, 2009
001 008 Articles about Hill in farm press 1985, 1990
001 009 List of Publications by Lowell D. Hill 2015
Box 002 – Series I. Personal and Biographical Information. 2011.
Box Folder Title Date(s)
002 001 On a Magic Carpet of Corn: A World Adventure by Betty E. Hill 2011
Box 003 – Series II. COMEX Project. 1989-2015.
Box Folder Title Date(s)
003 001 Introductory material authored by Hill 2015
003 002 Origin of COMEX (1) 1994, 2015
003 003 Final Program Plans (outline written by Hill) (2) 2015
003 004 Meeting of Planning Committee (3) 1993
003 005 Fiscal Affairs (4) 1994-1995
003 006 Accomplishments (5) 1994-1997
003 007 Trading Game; (6a) 1997
003 008 Short Course in Illinois (6b) 1994-1995
003 009 Elevator Reports (6c) 1995
003 010 Advanced Course (7) 1988, 1995
003 011 Evaluation by Participants (8a) 1994-1995
003 012 External Evaluation (Hill’s response) (8b) 1996
003 013 Publicity (9) 1987, 1990, 1994-1995
003 014 Resident Advisors (10) 1994-1995
003 015 Project Extension (11) 1996
003 016 Certificates and Shares (12a) 1994-1995
003 017 Hill’s trip report (12b) 1994
003 018 Russian Grain Union yearbook 1996
003 019 Agricultural Market Planning in Resource Development by Lowell D. Hill 1965
Box 004 – Series III. North Central Regional Research Project, NC-151/NC-213. 1968-1979, 1991-2000, 2003, 2015.
Box Folder Title Date(s)
004 001 Introductory material authored by Hill (History of Multi-Regional Project organized as North Central first NCT-113) 2015
004 002 Hill’s proposal to 9 faculty in University of Illinois’ Department of Agriculture Economics to integrate research related to harvesting, conditioning, and marketing across departmental lines (1) 1968
004 003 Invitation to 19 individuals in 11 universities and 2 departments to meet at University of Illinois to discuss common interests and ways to coordinate research to make projects complementary rather than competitive; agenda; survey of current areas of research from each individual; problem areas ranked by each of 7 states as well as ERS and USDA; (2-6) 1969
004 004 Thank you letter to Pulitzer Prize winning cartoonist Gene Graham for presenting at meeting (7) 1969
004 005 Memorandum regarding planning a conference with a focus on "On-farm vs. off farm drying and storage" (8) 1969
004 006 Agenda for Regional Research Seminar (9) 1969
004 007 Participants in Regional Research Seminar on Alternatives for Conditioning and Storing Corn at Farm and Elevator (10) 1969
004 008 Memorandum in which Hill states that the participants voted to appoint John Scott to organize a similar seminar on the topic of Grain Quality (11) 1969
004 009 Conference on Research of Corn Quality program/agenda (12) 1970
004 010 Conference on Research of Corn Quality attendance roster (13) 1970
004 011 Grain Damage Symposium, Columbus, Ohio (13) 1972
004 012 Hill letter to W.M. Griffith in which Hill states that tentative approval was granted by the Ohio Research and Development Committee for 4 university, multi-department research proposal developed form the 1969-1970 meetings (14) 1972
004 013 Proposal supported by Ohio State University Development Fund: Revised Research Proposal for Corn Quality Conservation (15) 1972
004 014 Proposal for consideration by The Andersons Agricultural Research Committee: Improving Corn Quality in United States Export Markets (16) 1972
004 015 Proposal for an expanded, 3 year project with serval procedures to the researchers funded by Andersons’ Agricultural Research Fund (AARF), inviting them to identify their interests and to invite researchers from other departments (Hill’s proposal set the stage for multi-disciplinary and multi-institutional research consortium NCT-117) (17) 1973
004 016 Roy M. Kottman, Ohio State University, letter to Hill confirming the tentative funding of 2 projects developed at the University of Illinois (18) 1973
004 017 Roy M. Kottman, Ohio State University, letter authorized payment from Andersons’ Agricultural Research Fund (AARF) for the 2 projects developed at the University of Illinois (19) 1974
004 018 Hill letter to Roy M. Kottman, Dean, College of Agriculture and Home Economics, Ohio State University regarding planning an international conference for "Corn Quality in World Markets" (20) 1974
004 019 Details of international conference for "Corn Quality in World Markets" (21) 1973
004 020 Roy M. Kottman letter to Hill confirming tentative funding of May 1972 from Andersons’ Agricultural Research Fund (AARF) for the 2 projects developed at Illinois, February 23, 1973 (22) 1975
004 021 Hill memorandum to researchers from several universities and government agencies asking their help in developing specifics for a project that would include a broader range of expertise; March 11, 1974 (23) 1974
004 022 Materials regarding Hill’s and Bruce Brooks’ personal interviews with 73 people in 10 different countries in Western and Eastern Europe; May/June 1974 (24) 1974
004 023 Continued collaboration among universities in the Andersons’ Agricultural Research Fund (AARF) (24.1) 1975, 1976
004 024 Documents related to Corn Quality Research Conference in Champaign, Illinois; November 21-23, 1977 (25) 1977, 1978
004 025 Newsletter from Andersons’ Agricultural Research Fund (AARF), Volume 1, Numbers 1-5; official published history "Marketing and Delivery of Quality Cereals and Oilseeds: A History of the First 25 Years—October 1, 1978-September 30, 2003." By Marvin Paulsen, NC-151/NC-213 Committee (26) 1975, 2003
004 026 Rewritten North Central Regional Research Project (NCT-117) proposal on grain quality Hill sent to advisory committee. Marketing and Delivery of Quality Cereals and Oilseeds in Domestic and Foreign Market: An Interregional Interdisciplinary Research Proposal submitted to Experiment Station Directors and Cooperative State Research Service, USDA (27) 1978
004 027 Roy M. Kottman, Dean and Director of Ohio Agricultural Research And Development Center, letter to Lowell D. Hill in which Kottman stated that the CRIS Project Review form contained the comment from the review board "…It [NC-151] is the best designed regional project of all time." October 1, 1979. (28) 1979
004 028 International Quality Grains Conference Proceedings (Hill made presentation) (29) 2004
004 029 Objectives of NC-213 (30) 2015
004 030 NC-151/NC-213 "A History of the First 25 Years" by Marvin R. Paulsen (31) 2004
004 031 Proposals to Ohio State development fund and Andersons’ Agricultural Research Fund (AARF) (32a) 1975-1979
004 032 International Grain Quality Conference NC-151 (includes photographs) (32b) 1978
004 033 More research proposals and progress reports (32c) 1975, 1977, 1988
004 034 More research proposals and progress reports (32d) 1987, 1991, 1997, 1999, 2000
004 035 University of Illinois Corn Quality Project (includes photographs) 1985
Box 005 – Series IV. News Clippings. 1975-1978, 1985-1986.
Box Folder Title Date(s)
005 001 The Washington Post 1975-1976
005 002 Grain Quality 1975-1976
005 003 Investigations into Grading Irregularities 1976-1977
005 004 Inspection Indictments 1975-1976
005 005 Clippings on James Risser, DesMoines Register reporter; includes copy of May 9, 1975 report introducing his series about the corruptions in the grain and export trade 1975-1976, undated
005 006 Corn Quality 1975-1976
005 007 Grain Quality 1976-1978
005 008 Grain Quality 1985-1986
005 009 Des Moines Register 1985-1986
Box 006 – Series V. Grain Quality Workshops. 1976, 1985-1986, 1989-2001.
Box Folder Title Date(s)
006 001 Background materials 1994
006 002 North American Export Grain Association (NAEGA) Task Force 1976, 1985
006 003 Grain Quality: Background and Selected Issues 1985
006 004 Grain Industry Exchanges on Grain Quality Workshops 1985-1986
006 005 Grain Quality Workshops 1985-1986
006 006 Grain Quality Workshop: November 1986 agenda and motions 1986
006 007 Grain Quality Workshops: June 1992-August 1996 1992-1996
006 008 Grain Quality Workshops 1995
006 009 Grain Quality Workshop 1996
006 010 Grain Quality Workshop 1997
006 011 Grain Quality Workshop 1998-2001
006 012 Grain Quality Workshop: Summaries 1986, 1989- 1991
Box 007 – Series VI. Congressional Hearings and Expert Testimony in Court Cases. 1975-1976, 1986, 1989, 1990s, 2004.
Box Folder Title Date(s)
007 001 Introductory material authored by Hill 2015
007 002 List of hearings in which Hill participated or contributed to 1986, 1994, 1998, undated
007 003 Photographs of Senators Hubert Humphrey and Dick Clark in discussion at the 1975 hearings on grain quality legislation 1975
007 004 Hill’s copy of the 1975 Congressional Hearings including notes (critique and corrections to contents) 1975
007 005 Senator Talmadge’s letter of appreciation to Hill for the 1975 testimony 1975
007 006 Correspondence between Hill and House and Senate members (RE: legislation) 1976, 1986, 1987
007 007 Publicity and news report about the 1986 Congressional Subcommittee field hearings at the University of Illinois 1986
007 008 Photographs of Congressional Subcommittee field hearings at the University of Illinois 1986
007 009 Hearing reports related to irregularities in the weighing and grading of grain 1975, 1976
007 010 Hearing reports related to the moisture and drying of grain 1976, 1986, 1990, 1991
007 011 Hill’s introduction on "Expert testimony in various court cases" 2015
007 012 Deposition relating to the Didion Milling, Inc. vs. Terra International 2004
007 013 Expert report of Hill and Dr. Thomas A. Hieronymus on Garnac Grain Co. "An Overview of the Grain Production and Marketing Industry and the Role of the Grain Elevator Operator" 1989
007 014 Hill’s direct testimony for the Garnac Grain Co. (includes descriptions of the grain systems from farm to port) 1989

Series VII. Reports to the United States Congress. 1970-1988.

Box 008 – Subseries VII.A. The General Accounting Office (GAO) Study of Grain Inspection System. 1970-1986.
Box Folder Title Date(s)
008 001 Introductory material authored by Hill 2015
008 002 Hill’s proposal for review of grain grades and standards in major exporting countries 1975
008 003 Draft report to the House Committee on Agriculture and Senate Committee on Agriculture and Forestry 1970, 1976
008 004 Published final report by General Accounting Office (GAO) "Concerns About Quality" 1986
Box 009 – Subseries VII.B. Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) of the United States Congress. 1987-1988.
Box Folder Title Date(s)
009 001 Introductory material authored by Hill 2015
009 002 Hill’s trip report for Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) study of grain quality and marketing practices in Brazil and Argentina 1987
009 003 Hill’s interim report to Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) "A Comparison of Grain Grading and Marketing in Argentina and the United States" 1988
009 004 Hill’s document on "U.S. Grades and Standards – Principles and Issues" for background in the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) report, and copy of the cover page of the final report 1988
Box 010 – Series VIII. World Bank Reports. 1990-1994.
Box Folder Title Date(s)
010 001 Hill’s overview on "World Bank Reports" 2015
010 002 Report to World Bank "Grain Markets in Colombia" 1992, 1994
010 003 Chile: Assignment for contribution to a workshop with historical background on their agriculture from Alberto Valdes of the World Bank 1993
010 004 World Bank report: United States Undated

Series IX. Grain Quality and Transportation Studies. 1917-1996.

Box 011 – Subseries IX.A. Illinois-Iowa Moisture Meter Task Force. 1917-1975, 1980-1989.
Box Folder Title Date(s)
011 001 Moisture meter issues: the problem recognized 1980, 2015, undated
011 002 Media reports 1980-1982
011 003 Task Force formation 1980
011 004 Moisture meter Task Force action and results 1981, 1983, 1984, undated
011 005 State and federal actions in response to task force research and recommendations 1980, 1981
011 006 Industry responses 1980, 1981, 1983
011 007 Personal correspondence on calibration and equipment 1980, 1987, 1989
011 008 Ancient history on devices for measuring moisture 1917, 1926, 1934, 1936, 1941, 1949, 1954, 1974, 1975
011 009 Efforts to achieve international uniformity in measuring moisture 1985
011 010 Moisture publications by Hill 1984, 1985, 1993, 1994
Box 012 – Subseries IX.B. Shrink, Adulteration, and Equivalent Bushel Concept. 1968-1996.
Box Folder Title Date(s)
012 001 Hill’s summary 2015
012 002 Shrink 1930, 1947, 1960, 1979, 1986, 1996
012 003 Rewetting-adulteration 1985, 1987, 1991-1994, 1997, 2002, 2004
012 004 Equivalent Bushel Concept (EQB) (1 of 2) 1968, 1983, 1985, 1995
012 005 Equivalent Bushel Concept (2 of 2) 1916, 1983, 1985, 1994, 2003
012 006 Removing moisture as a grade determining factor 1984, 1985, 1996
012 007 The issue of adulteration 1981, 1983, 1993, 1994, 1997
012 008 Single kernel moisture content 1975, 1986, 1990, 1995
012 009 Exchanges with authorities 1981
012 010 Research at The Andersons 1981, 1983, 1991
Box 013 – Subseries IX.B. Shrink, Adulteration, and Equivalent Bushel Concept. 1968-1996.
Box Folder Title Date(s)
013 001 Correspondence on Equivalent Bushel Concept (EQB) – pros and cons 1973, 1983-1985, 1993
013 002 Industry and media response: addition of water 1992-1994
013 003 Peter Bloome versus grain industry and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) 1980-1984, 1989, 1990, 1992
Box 014 – Subseries IX.C. Transportation of Grain Through the Market System. 1970-1990.
Box Folder Title Date(s)
014 001 Hill’s overview 2015
014 002 Policy and regulations 1976, 1979, 1982, 1985
014 003 Grain handling crisis of 1973 1970, 1973
014 004 Illinois share of grain exports 1982, 1992
014 005 Research reports on grain shipments by origin, destination, and transport mode (1 of 2) 1976, 1977, 1981, 1983,
014 006 Research reports on grain shipments by origin, destination, and transport mode (2 of 2) 1976, 1977, 1981, 1983
014 007 Reports on Hill’s research – transportation 1980, 1982, 1995
Box 015 – Subseries IX.D. Development of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO). 1985-2000.
Box Folder Title Date(s)
015 001 Research on Genetically Modified Organisms 1985-1988, 1990, 1991, 1999, 2000
Box 016 – Series X. Complaints by Importers. 1905-2016.
Box Folder Title Date(s)
016 001 Hill’s overview on complaints by importers 2016
016 002 Statistical reports on the number of complaints by country, grain, and year 1983, 1987-1993
016 003 Documenting foreign complaints 1905-1990
016 004 Responses to complaints 1966, 1975, 1984
016 005 Suggested solutions: Statement by Elmer B. Staats on the National Grain Inspection System; Hill’s critique and suggestions to Staats 1976
Box 017 – Series XI. Quality Changes in the Export Market Channel. 1975-2016.
Box Folder Title Date(s)
017 001 Hill’s preamble 2016
017 002 Interviews and surveys in importing countries 1975, 1989, 1990, 1996
017 003 Interviews and surveys in importing countries: Venezuela 1989, 1990
017 004 Interviews and surveys in importing countries: China 1987
017 005 Interviews and surveys in importing countries: Indonesia 1987
017 006 Interviews and surveys in importing countries: Korea 1989, 1998
017 007 Interviews and surveys in importing countries: France 1987
017 008 Interviews and surveys in importing countries: England and Brussels 1977
017 009 Research to correlate attributes to end use value 1993, 1996, 1999
017 010 Tracing quality changes through the market channel (1 of 3) 1975, 1976, 2003
017 011 Tracing quality changes through the market channel (2 of 3) 1990, 1991
Box 018 – Series XI. Quality Changes in the Export Market Channel. 1975-2016.
Box Folder Title Date(s)
018 001 Tracing quality changes through the market channel (3 of 3) 1976, 1977, 1979, 1981, 1985, 1988-1991, 1996
018 002 Background documents on the Nanfri 1975-1976
Box 019 – Series XII. Destination Sampling. 1974-2016.
Box Folder Title Date(s)
019 001 Hill’s overview and documents on "Destination sampling at Tilbury Grain Terminal located at the port of Tilbury Docks, England" 2016, 1974, 1975
019 002 Narrative on installation of DT (Diverter Sampler) samplers in Tilbury Grain Terminal 2016
019 003 Chronological record of sampling at destination with DTs 1972-1984, 2016
019 004 Opposition and support. Cargill. 1975, 1977, 1984
019 005 Opposition and support. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). 1975, 1976, 1978
019 006 The search for locations to install DTs in Europe and the United Kingdom 1976
019 007 Installation and Operation of the DTs at Tilbury 1974, 1978
019 008 Mission accomplished and final wrap-up 1979, 1981
019 009 Hill’s overview on comparing quality, production and marketing practices, and policies among major exporting countries. 2016
019 010 Trip reports 1981
019 011 South Africa trip report 1981
Box 020 – Series XIII. Comparing Quality, Production and Marketing Practices, and Policies Among Major Exporting Countries. 1981-2016.
Box Folder Title Date(s)
020 001 Hill’s overview on proposal for comparative study of corn in Argentina 2016
020 002 Early efforts to dissuade research 1983
020 003 Argentina trip report 1967, 1983, 1995, 2016
020 004 Actions and information following successful completion of the 1983 project in Argentina 1983, 1987, 1992
Box 021 – Series XIV. Summary of Support and Opposition from Industry and Government. 1977-2016.
Box Folder Title Date(s)
021 001 Hill’s overview on "Summary of support and opposition from industry and government" 2016
021 002 Moisture measurement 1981-1984
021 003 Installation of diverter sampling equipment in Europe 1977, 1979
021 004 Comparing corn and soybean quality among countries: Brazil 1981
021 005 Comparing corn and soybean quality among countries: Argentina 1982-1983
021 006 A collection of positive and negative reactions to the research 1979-1999
021 007 Two narrative examples of industry opposition 2016
Box 022 – Series XV. Unpublished Papers. 1977-2015.
Box Folder Title Date(s)
022 001 Hill’s overview 2015
022 002 Unpublished papers: Changes in the quality of corn and soybeans during transport from farm to foreign destinations; concerns raised by importers and processors at foreign destinations 1977, undated
022 003 Unpublished: Relating the price of corn and soybeans to value in processing or final use; relating price to value based on its composition; and introducing the Equivalent Bushel Concept 1990, 1996, 1997
022 004 Unpublished papers: Quantifying volume of shipments to selected United States (U.S.) export destinations 1978, 1982
022 005 Unpublished papers: Risk and uncertainty in world grain markets 1981
022 006 Unpublished papers: Changes needed in United States (U.S.) grades and standards (1 of 3) 1990
022 007 Unpublished papers: Changes needed in United States (U.S.) grades and standards (2 of 3) 1976, 1979, 1984-1986
022 008 Unpublished papers: Changes needed in United States (U.S.) grades and standards (3 of 3) 1992-1994, 1999
022 009 Unpublished papers: Quality problems of United States (U.S.) grains in overseas markets 1976, 1977, 1980, 2002
022 010 Unpublished papers: Strategies for improving the quality of grains and oilseeds in overseas markets 1977, 1988
022 011 Unpublished papers: Strategies for increasing exports of grains and oilseeds through improved quality. Includes markets for specialty grains and oilseeds. 1980, 1982-1985, 2002
022 012 Unpublished papers: Policy issues covering competitiveness, government regulations, and the role of government in markets 1994, 1996, undated
022 013 Unpublished papers: Soybean quality-history and the need for changes in grades Undated
Box 023 – Series XV. Unpublished Papers. 1977-2002.
Box Folder Title Date(s)
023 001 Two unpublished papers co-authored by Hill and Allan Mustard 1981, undated
023 002 Transparencies from PowerPoint presentation on Equivalent Bushel Concept 1996, 1998
023 003 Unpublished papers 1980, 1982, 1996, 2002
023 004 Unpublished paper: Corn Quality in Tankers; data from various sources 2000
023 005 Unpublished papers: Rotary meeting 1976, 2000, 2001
023 006 Unpublished paper: Challenges and Opportunities in the Market for Specialty Grains 2001
023 007 Unpublished paper: New Marketing Patterns for Corn (Monmouth) 1981
023 008 Unpublished papers on energy and efficiency 1977
023 009 Unpublished papers on waterways 1975, 1982, 1994
023 010 Unpublished paper on transportation 1992
023 011 Unpublished paper on farmers’ risks and policies 2002
023 012 Presentation at conference 1997
Box 024 – Series XVI. Additions and Related Materials. 1948-2004.
Box Folder Title Date(s)
024 001 Grain quality research 1975, 1983, 1986, 2000
024 002 Changes in grade 1975, 1985, 1986, 1988, 1990, 1992, 1993
024 003 Soybean history and grain standards 1948, 1951-1952, 1975, 1979, 1986, 1991, 2004
024 004 Report of the Comptroller General of the United States: Assessment of the National Grain Inspection System; February 12, 1976 1976
024 005 Report of the Comptroller General of the United States: Supplemental Information on Assessment of the National Grain System System; July 16, 1976 1976
024 006 Report by the Comptroller General of the United States: Grain Inspection and Weighing Systems in the Interior of the United States—An Evaluation; April 14, 1980 1980
024 007 Agricultural Market Planning in Resource Development by Lowell D. Hill 1965
024 008 Report by Hill, Otte, and Swoboda documenting historic problems with U.S. grain buying practices "A Century of Striving to Pay Farmers for Dry Matter Value in Grain" 2016
Box 025 – Series XVII. Oversize Materials. 1941, 1986.
Box Folder Title Date(s)
025 001 Photograph: Joint committee hearings on campus led to legislation incorporating economic principles into U.S. (United States) Grain Standards Act 1986?
025 002 Minary Shrink Table, Series S, Shrinkage Cost of Drying Grain 1941